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The earliest Muslim sect. They were alienated by Ali's acceptance of arbitration with Mu'awiyah in 659 CE after the death of Uthman, the third Caliph; murdered Ali, the fourth Caliph; and remained a thorn in the side of the caliphate until the Abbasid period. Their rigourous puritanism later inspired the al-Moravids and al-Mohads in north Africa, and also influence modern Islamist groups. They survive today as the Ibadhi group in Oman and the Maghreb. This is NOT the place for theological discussions.
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Last update: Friday, July 20, 2012 5:15:03 AM EDT - edit