The word Veda means "knowledge." In the modern world, we use the term "science" to identify the kind of authoritative knowledge upon which human progress is based. To the ancient people of Bharatavarsha (Greater India), the word Veda had an even more profound import that the word science has for us today. That is because in those days scientific inquiry was not restricted to the world perceived by the physical senses. And the definition of human progress was not restricted to massive technological exploitation of material nature. In Vedic times, the primary focus of science was the eternal, not the temporary; human progress meant the advancement of spiritual awareness yielding the soul's release from the entrapment of material nature, which is temporary and full of ignorance and suffering. Traditionally, six schools of thought propagated Vedic wisdom, each from a different philosophical perspective. Each of these perspectives or darshanas is associated with a famous sage who is the author of a Sutra (code) expressing the essence of his Darshana. The Sad-Darshana (six philosophical views) are Nyaya (logic), Vaisesika (atomic theory), Sankhya (analysis of matter and spirit), Yoga (the discipline of self-realization), Karma-Mimamsa (science of fruitive work) and Vedanta (science of God realization). Information about the philosophy of the Vedas.
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