Arminianism was started by Jacobus Arminius (1560-1609). He was born slightly before John Calvin died and was actually taught by Calvin's son-in-law. He was a Calvinist until one day when forced to defend his beliefs and found that his opponent could more ably defend his views against Calvinism. This caused Arminius to reject his Calvinistic background and “sought to modify Calvinism so that ‘God might not be considered the author of sin, nor man an automation in the hands of God.’”
The Greek term charisma means gift. The term is used in the New Testament to refer to spiritual gifts given to believers by the Holy Spirit. Charismatic Theology upholds the ongoing availability to believers today of the miraculous spiritual gifts mentioned in the New Testament (e.g., healing, miracles, prophecy, and speaking in tongues), while traditional theology often maintains that these gifts ended in the apostolic age.
Christianity is the belief that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messiah. Theology is the attempt to reason about God, and so to love God with all our mind. Directories are organized collections of links.
These Christian theology directories are wide-ranging collections of what their respective authors think are the very best resources for Christian theology.
Dispensationalism is the belief that God has dispensed revelation and stewardship to man via dispensations. While there is no formalized classification structure with exacting definitions, most dispensationalists believe in some or all of seven dispensations, commonly known as innocence, conscience, human government, promise, law, grace, and kingdom; although a few dispensationalists may recognize more than seven, and some only acknowledge three or four dispensations.
Dispensationalists also vary in beliefs as to whether each dispensation has a rigid time frame know as an "age", or whether they vary based on possession or non possession of specific revelations, such as the Law of Moses or the New Testament Gospels. Thus some believe different dispensations can coexist, while others do not.
One of the basic tenets of dispensationalism is a belief in premillennialism. All dispensationalists are premillennial, and teach that the Lord Jesus Christ will return to establish His Kingdom at the start of His thousand-year reign, as mentioned in Revelation 20:1-6. Most dispensationalists believe in a pre-trib "rapture", which is the teaching that the church will be taken up to meet the Lord in the air prior to the tribulation. Some also distinguish the "rapture" of 1 Thes. 4:16-17 from the resurrection of the dead mentioned in Phil. 3:11, known as the "out-resurrection".
A few dispensationalists believe in a pre-wrath, post-trib "rapture". These dispensationalists teach that the "rapture" will occur in the middle of the tribulation, after Satan has poured his wrath upon the earth, but before the Lord pours His Own wrath upon the earth. This point in time is seen as the beginning of the day of the Lord, prior to the second half of the seventieth week mentioned in Daniel 9:24-27.
Please submit sites that describe general Dispensationalism based upon the Traditional viewpoint, which maintains that scriptures pertaining to Israel do not apply to the church today, and that the present church began at some point between the birth of Christ and Acts chapter 2. Sites that chronicle the history of Dispensationalism should also be submitted to this category.
Eschatology is the study of the doctrine of the last things.
This includes the theology of the tribulation, antichrist, rapture, Second Coming, millennium, death, resurrection, judgement, heaven and hell.
Eschatology category includes theology of the tribulation, antichrist, rapture, Second Coming, millennium, death, resurrection, judgement, heaven and hell.
Grace is the spiritual condition where one enjoys the unearned favor of God.
The word grace in English is a translation of the Greek word "charis". Charis is also the source of the English word "charity".
Print and online journals (periodicals) dealing with theology. Primarily but not exclusively academic journals.
Reformed theology is rooted in the ideas that emerged out of the Swiss Reformation of the 16th century, particularly Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin, and those who followed in their footsteps. Centered in Scripture and relying on a theology of grace, Reformed theology continued to grow and develop throughout Europe, becoming the basic theology behind much of the Protestant movement. While Lutheran theology is not explicitly Reformed, the Lutheran and Reformed strands of thought informed each other over the centuries while maintaining a significantly separate identity.
"Though the development of Reformed theology began in 16th century Europe, it has continued to be shaped in new ways as it has spread to new times and new places. A central element of much of Reformed theology is the idea of Ecclesia reformata, semper reformanda, meaning, 'The church reformed, always being reformed.' Toward this end, scholars, theologians, and pastors have continued the development of the Reformed tradition through the centuries. Some of the major theologians identified with Reformed theology since the 16th century include B.B. Warfield, Charles Hodge, Karl Barth, Reinhold Niebuhr, Friedrich Schleiermacher, and many others. Though its roots are in Europe, Reformed theology today continues to develop in Europe, North America, Latin America, Africa and Asia.
"Denominations rooted in some form of Reformed theology today include any number of Reformed churches, Presbyterian denominations, and many Congregational traditions. Other denominations and Christian traditions have used Reformed theology as the basis for their own theology, particularly many Baptist and Methodist traditions.
The Third Edition of the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language defines theodicy as, "A vindication of God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil." The sites listed in this category embrace a Biblical perspective on this issue, focusing on an exegesis of the Book of Job from the Old Testament.
This category is for Christian theologians, those who are learned in the study of the nature of God and religious truth in the Christian tradition.
Universalism, also known as apocatastasis, is the doctrine that Christ has either already saved all people or will ultimately save all people. It consequently rejects the doctrine of eternal hell. Universalism has traditionally been regarded as heresy.
The universalism category seeks to present a full-range discussion on the subject, with sites that both support and oppose this controversial doctrine.