Little St. Hugh of Lincoln was an eight-year-old boy, a widow's son, who disappeared on 31 July, 1255. His body was found in a well nearly a month later, on 25 or 27 August. Because the well was on property owned by Jews, a canon was able to allege ritual murder. Under torture, one Jew allegedly "confessed" that it was customary to kill a Christian child yearly. Nearly 100 Jews were arrested, and 19 were hanged.
This story is the basis of Chaucer's "The Prioress's Tale" and of Child ballad 155 ("Little Sir Hugh").
This "Saint" Hugh has never been canonized, and he must not be confused with the bishop St. Hugh of Lincoln
, who was staunchly opposed to anti-Semitism and who died in 1200.