Category Description for Bible/History/Translators

Originally most of the Old Testament was written in Hebrew and the New Testament was written in Greek. This category is about the translation of the Bible from its original languages into various popular languages and about the people who took on this difficult task.

Miles (Myles) Coverdale (1488-1569). English Bible translator and Bishop of Exeter Cathedral (1551-1553). Completed the work of William Tyndale by publishing the first translation of entire Bible including the Apocrypha into English in 1535. Authored "Letters of the Martyrs," an important source utilized by John Foxe's "Book of Martyrs."
William Tyndale (c.1494—1536)

Produced the first complete translation of the New Testament into English in 1525.In 1536 he was hanged and burned at the stake for heresy.

The impact of Tyndale's translation of the Bible continues to this day. Some of Tyndale's phrases are still in use today, including: 'the apple of his eye,' 'signs of the times,' 'broken-hearted,' and 'eat, drink and be merry.'

Category Description for John Wycliffe (Wyclif, Wycliff, Wickliffe)

Wycliffe (circa 1330-1384), an Oxford University professor, made the first complete translation of the Bible into English (Middle English). The task of making handwritten copies of his translation was accomplished with the help of his followers, called the Lollards. Wycliffe's Bible was based on the Latin Vulgate. He rejected Papal authority and other teachings of the Church.