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Jürgen Habermas, b. 1929. Noted German philosopher, member of the Frankfurt School of social criticism. Particularly known for his work on the theory of social discourse.
Description: Johann Georg Hamann, 1730-1788. Obscure Prussian thinker of the German Enlightenment movement of modern philosophy. His writings cover many theological as well as philosophical topics.
Johann Georg Hamann, 1730-1788. Obscure Prussian thinker of the German Enlightenment movement of modern philosophy. His writings cover many theological as well as philosophical topics.
Description: William Hamilton, 1788-1856. Nineteenth-century Scottish philosopher, a follower of Thomas Reid. He is often regarded as the last representative of the Scottish Enlightenment tradition. His principal contributions were in logic and metaphysics.

He shouldn''t be confused with his contemporary, the mathematician William Rowan Hamilton.
William Hamilton, 1788-1856. Nineteenth-century Scottish philosopher, a follower of Thomas Reid. He is often regarded as the last representative of the Scottish Enlightenment tradition. His principal contributions were in logic and metaphysics.
Description: Han Fei Zi (Hanfeizi, Han Fei Tzu, Han-fei-tse), fl. 3rd century BC. Rationalist Chinese political thinker, founder of the Legalist school of early Chinese thought. He had an influence on the much later thinker Xun Zi.
Han Fei Zi (Hanfeizi, Han Fei Tzu, Han-fei-tse), fl. 3rd century BC. Rationalist Chinese political thinker, founder of the Legalist school of early Chinese thought. He had an influence on the much later thinker Xun Zi.
Donna Haraway. Contemporary American feminist philosopher specializing in the history of ideas. Best known for using the imagery of cyborgs to critique contemporary society.
American literary theorist and political philosopher, known for Empire, written with Antonio Negri, considered to be the Communist Manifesto of the 21st Century.
Description: David Hartley, 1705-1757. Early Modern British thinker who is best known for his work on materialist psychology. He is most remembered for his role in the history of that field.
David Hartley, 1705-1757. Early Modern British thinker who is best known for his work on materialist psychology. He is most remembered for his role in the history of that field.
Description: Karl Robert Eduard Von Hartmann, 1842-1906. Nineteenth-century German thinker who strove to synthesize the teachings of Hegel and Schopenhauer into a doctrine of Absolute Spirit. His principal influence was on the founder of anthroposophy, Rudolf Steiner.
Karl Robert Eduard Von Hartmann, 1842-1906. Nineteenth-century German thinker who strove to synthesize the teachings of Hegel and Schopenhauer into a doctrine of Absolute Spirit. His principal influence was on the founder of anthroposophy, Rudolf Steiner.
Nicolai Hartmann, 1882-1950. Twentieth-century German philosopher who began his work in the Idealist tradition of Immanuel Kant, but took a realist position in his later writings. His principal contribution was in metaphysics, specifically ontology.
Academic pages in English. Thanks.
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Academic pages in English. Thanks.
Martin Heidegger, 1889-1976. Though he did not identify himself as an existentialist, he is generally considered the foremost of the German members of that group. Particularly known for his contributions to metaphysics.
Description: Claude-Adrien Helvetius, 1715-1771. French Enlightenment philosopher and participant in Diderot''s Encyclopedia project. Hedonist and materialist thinker, especially known for his egoistic views on ethics.
Claude-Adrien Helvetius, 1715-1771. French Enlightenment philosopher and participant in Diderot's Encyclopedia project. Hedonist and materialist thinker, especially known for his egoistic views on ethics.
Description: Carl Gustav Hempel, 1905-1997. German-American logical posivist and philosopher of science. He is best remembered for his work in the philosophy of logic, where he noted the paradox which arises when one assumes that all non-contradictory evidence increases confidence in a statement.
Carl Gustav Hempel, 1905-1997. German-American logical posivist and philosopher of science. He is best remembered for his work in the philosophy of logic, where he noted the paradox which arises when one assumes that all non-contradictory evidence increases confidence in a statement.
Heraclitus of Ephesus (or Ephesos), circa 540 BC - circa 480 BC. Obscure, aphoristic thinker who has had an abiding influence on both classical and modern thought. Best known for his doctrine of unceasing change. His writings are extant only in secondhand form, as quoted by other classical writers.
Description: Johann Friedrich (John Frederick) Herbart, 1776-1841. Early 19th-century German philosopher of education.
Johann Friedrich (John Frederick) Herbart, 1776-1841. Early 19th-century German philosopher of education.
Description: Johann Gottfried von Herder, 1744-1803. Influential thinker of the early modern German Enlightenment. He was himself strongly influenced by the early writings of Kant.
Johann Gottfried von Herder, 1744-1803. Influential thinker of the early modern German Enlightenment. He was himself strongly influenced by the early writings of Kant.
Description: George Hermes (Georg Hermes), 1775-1831. Nineteenth-century German philosopher and Catholic theologian. His rationalistic theology was strongly influenced by Kant.
George Hermes (Georg Hermes), 1775-1831. Nineteenth-century German philosopher and Catholic theologian. His rationalistic theology was strongly influenced by Kant.
Hipparchia of Maroneia, female Cynic philosopher and wife of Crates, fl. 4th century BC. None of her works are extant, and her status as a thinker is, in modern times, a matter of some debate.
Description: Hippias of Elis, fl. 5th century BC. Ancient Greek Sophist thinker and contemporary of Socrates, whom Plato portrays speaking with him in two dialogues. In the history of geometry, he is remembered for his effort to square the circle using a curve called the quadratrix. His teachings are known only by second or third hand.
Hippias of Elis, fl. 5th century BC. Ancient Greek Sophist thinker and contemporary of Socrates, whom Plato portrays speaking with him in two dialogues. In the history of geometry, he is remembered for his effort to square the circle using a curve called the quadratrix. His teachings are known only by second or third hand.
Description: Shadworth Hodgson, 1832-1912. Nineteenth-century independent philosopher, whose work centered on the philosophical analysis of experience.
Shadworth Hodgson, 1832-1912. Nineteenth-century independent philosopher, whose work centered on the philosophical analysis of experience.
Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach (Paul Henri Dietrich Holbach), 1723-1789. Early Modern thinker, a prominent member of the French Enlightenment and Diderot's Encyclopedia project. Proposed a coherent deistic materialist system.
Description: Robert Holcot (Robert Holkot, Ropertus Holgot), d. 1349. Medieval Dominican Scholastic philosopher and theologian. He was a follower of Ockham.
Robert Holcot (Robert Holkot, Ropertus Holgot), d. 1349. Medieval Dominican Scholastic philosopher and theologian. He was a follower of Ockham.
American born theorist, writer and professor of philosophy.
Max Horkheimer, 1895-1973. A critical theorist and member of the Frankfurt School, he served as its director for many years, including its exile during Nazi rule. He is often associated with Theodor Adorno.
(Friedrich) Wilhelm (Christian Karl Ferdinand) Baron von Humboldt (1767-1835) was a German philosopher, linguist, educator, politician, diplomat, civil servant and the founder of the Humboldt University in Berlin. His most renown work was "Ideen zu einem Versuch die Grenzen der Wirksamkeit des Staates zu bestimmen", translated in English as "The Sphere and Duties of Government" in 1854 and as "The Limits of State Action" in 1993, where he defended the liberties of the Enlightenment against the intrusive role of the state.
Sites on the 18th-Century Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776).
Academic pages in English. Thanks.
Edmund Husserl, 1859-1938. German philosopher known for his work in phenomenology.
This category is for sites or pages related to Francis Hutcheson (1694-1746), Irish-born philosopher. He was educated in Ireland and Scotland, and taught moral philosophy at the University of Glasgow, to (among others) Adam Smith. "His work and teaching methods were a powerful stimulation to the spirit of inquiry in Scotland. William Small introduced Hutcheson's techniques at the College of William and Mary where they had a profound influence on Thomas Jefferson."
Description: Robert Maynard Hutchins, 1899-1977. Educator, philosopher, and philosopher of education. He served as president of the University of Chicago from 1929 to 1951.
Robert Maynard Hutchins, 1899-1977. Educator, philosopher, and philosopher of education. He served as president of the University of Chicago from 1929 to 1951.
Description: Thomas Henry Huxley, 1825-1895. Nineteenth-century British thinker and zoologist, best known as an early advocate of Darwin''s theories. He invented the term agnosticism, and used it to describe his own views.
Thomas Henry Huxley, 1825-1895. Nineteenth-century British thinker and zoologist, best known as an early advocate of Darwin's theories. He invented the term agnosticism, and used it to describe his own views.
Hypatia of Alexandria, circa 370 to 415 AD. Neoplatonist philosopher, beaten to death by Christian thugs. Her known works, none of which are extant, were concerned with geometry and astronomy. The principal sources about her life are written in patristic Greek.
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