Pages or organizations which debate whether or not some or all "intellectual property" laws are unfair monopoly grants, not real private property like physical things.
Pages or organizations which debating various issues surrounding copyrights, such as length of coverage or whether the entire copyright concept is valid in the first place.
Digital Rights Management (DRM) is a type of intellectual property control employed by many industries to protect digital content from illegal use.
This category contains references about several kinds of initiatives whose aim is to free access to peer reviewed scientific papers, namely, "that body of work for which the author does not and never has expected to SELL the words" (S.Harnad) and to promote institutional self-archiving of electronic preprints, in the respect of protocols and standards for electronic archives interoperability.
The subset of Genetic Resources covers two broad areas of concern about intellectual property: aspects which impact on knowledge about the medical uses of genetic resources and those that impact on knowledge about their use for food and agriculture.
Briefly, the debate on IPRs on genetic resources started in earnest when the first patents were granted in the USA in the mid 1980s. This has become a global issue with the coming into force of the World Trade Organisation and its Agreement on the Trade Related aspects of Intellectual Property rights (TRIPs) and especially its controversial Article 27.3(b) on patenting of genetic resources. Prior to the 1980s the only IP issues concerned process patents for manipulating genetic resources and Plant Variety Protection agreements and Seed laws that governed acces and use of seeds.
Wider than that, there is a concern to recognise that the knowledge component of genetic resources whose provenance is usually from 'wild' living organisms that have been nurtured by people or from local varieties and breeds that have been developed by farmers and pastoralists cannot be patented, because identification of genetic resources and their knowledge component can only be classed as a 'discovery'.
"Beyond intellectual property" is now a common debate as genetic use restriction technologies and other control mechanisms are being researched and developed by corporations and their research institutes.
Please submit links to sites, pages and files that provide detailed additional information about intellectual property and genetic resources, and which contribute to the debate on these issues.
Groups or pages defending the unrestricted distribution of music/songs, instead of a few large corporations having monopoly grants on them.
They usually believe that artists are actually harmed/repressed by the current copyright system, because fewer are able to produce music and fewer people are able to hear their works.
Trusted Computing (commonly abbreviated TC) is a technology developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group (TCG). The term is taken from the field of trusted systems and has a specialized meaning. In this technical sense, "trusted" does not necessarily mean the same as "trustworthy" from a user's perspective. Rather, "trusted computing" means that the computer can be trusted by its designers and other software writers not to run unauthorized programs.
Taken from Wikipedia entry at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trusted_computing