Information about the movement led by Teddy Roosevelt in the nineteen-teens.
Sites relating to the history of what is now the Democratic Party but has previously been known as the National Republican and Democratic-Republican party.
During the post-Revolutionary era, advocates of a stronger central government for the newly independent United States adopted the name "Federalists," after The Federalist Papers which argued for the adoption of the Constitution of 1787 to supersede the Articles of Confederation. Alexander Hamilton led this faction against those organized under Thomas Jefferson as anti-Federalists, who favored stronger rights for states and the people.
The Federalists became organized as a formal political party soon after the inauguration of John Adams. As a party, they tended to favor Northern interests, advocated low tariffs to encourage trade and industrialization, and favored close ties with the British as opposed to the French. The Federalists were loose constructionists, arguing that the federal government could assume powers not specified in the Constitution, and created the Bank of the United States over the bitter opposition of the Democrats, the anti-Federalist Jeffersonians.
After 1800, especially with the deaths of Adams and Hamilton, the Federalists became increasingly concentrated in the large port cities of New England, and the party grew steadily more reactionary to the point of opposing the War of 1812 and advocating New England's secession from the Union. It did not nominate a candidate for president in the election of 1820, and had virtually disappeared by 1824.
The "Know-Nothings" is a name applied to an anti-Catholic, nativist movement of the mid-nineteenth century United States. Early groups were often formed as secret societies; when asked about their activities, members would reply only "I know nothing," lending them the nickname.
The movement's chief public face was the American Party, the result of the merging and reorganization of smaller regional parties. At its height the American Party assumed a number of state and local offices and worked in occasional coalition with the Whigs, notably Millard Fillmore. However, immigration ultimately proved less compelling an issue than slavery, the party disintegrated when Southern delegates submitted a resolution calling for the maintenance of slavery, and the American Party ceased as a national force after the election of 1856.
Sites relating to the party's history from its origins as an anti-slavery party to its current status as the standard-bearer of conservativism.
An American party of the early 1800s in the Hamiltonian tradition, advocating protective tariffs and internal improvements to promote national development.