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April 15 - April 19, 1961 The invasion was a US-planned and funded attempted invasion of southwest Cuba by armed Cuban expats. An attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro, the action marked the climax of anti-Cuban US actions. US-Cuban tensions had grown since Castro had overthrown the regime of General Fulgencio Batista on January 1, 1959. The Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations had judged that Castro's shift toward the Communist Party could not be tolerated, and moved to overthrow him. However, the invasion attempt failed miserably and proved to be a major international embarrassment for the Kennedy administration. The resulting fiasco has been studied as an ideal case of "groupthink" decision making. Others view this matter as a policy decision by the Kennedy administration to rid itself of bothersome Cuban expats. -- from Wikipedia
Please submit sites in Spanish to Ernesto Che Guevara.
Ernesto 'Che' Guevara (1928 - 1967). Born in Argentina and killed in Bolivia, Che is best remembered as a leader and philosopher of the Cuba Revolution.
The Mariel Boatlift was a mass exodus of refugees from Cuba's Mariel Harbour, from April 1 until September 26, 1980. Approximately 125,000 Cubans arrived in the United States. April 1, 1980 - Six Cubans seeking asylum crash a bus through gates of Peruvian Embassy in Havana. April 4, 1980 - Peru extends asylum to the gate-crashers. April 6, 1980 - 10,856 Cubans crowd onto embassy grounds; Peru grants them asylum. April 20, 1980 - Cuban President Fidel Castro announces he will open the port of Mariel for exiles to pick up relatives who want to leave the island. May, 1980 - Orange Bowl prepared as emergency shelter. Eglin Air Force Base in Pensacola opens as processing center and resettlement camp. Daily flow of refugees surpasses 3,000. US President Jimmy Carter: "We'll continue to provide an open heart and open arms to refugees seeking freedom from Communist domination." -- Compiled by Miami Herald researcher Gay Nemeti
Submit sites in Spanish under José Martí.
1853-1895. Cuban poet, essayist and journalist, who became the symbol of Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain and who promoted better understanding among American nations. "No man has any special right because he belongs to any specific race; just by saying the word man, we have already said all the rights." Born in Havana, Marti spent most of his life outside of Cuba, including Spain, Mexico, Guatemala, Venezuela and the United States. He was killed in Cuba shortly after returning to the island to fight in its war of independence.
Sites relating to the ongoing social movement known as "the triumph of the revolution" should be suggested under Regional/Caribbean/Cuba/Society_and_Culture/.
The military conflict (1953-1959) that is known as the Cuban Revolution. This period in Cuban history is generally considered to have started with the failed attacked on the Moncada army barracks in 1953, and to end when dictator Batista fled the country at the beginning of 1959. While the revolutionary efforts of Fidel and Raul Castro, Che Guevarra, and others in the Sierra Maestra are best known, during this time student and labor urban revoluntionaries also participated in undercover acts of sabotage, and overt military action.
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