Fables are allegorical tales, illustrating a moral or satirizing human behavior. The characters of a fable are usually personified animals. Important collections of fables are those of Aesop, Jean de la Fontaine, Ivan Krylov, the Buddhist Jataka tales, and the Indian Panchatantra.
Aesop (6th century BC, Greece) is the supposed author of a collection of fables.
Jean de La Fontaine (1621-1695) was a French poet and author of fables.