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Anna Mae Pictou Aquash was a Mi'kmaq AIM activist slain in 1975 in an unsolved murder.
Dennis Banks is a Leech Lake Ojibwe. He is an Indian rights activist and the cofounder of AIM.
Charles "Chief" Bender was an Ojibway major-league pitcher in the early 20th century. He was the first American Indian inducted into the baseball Hall of Fame.
Si Tanka ("Big Foot," though his name meant Spotted Elk) was the Lakota chief whose band was massacred at Wounded Knee.
Hehaka Sapa (Black Elk) was a 19th and 20th-century Lakota medicine man and spiritual leader.
Makataimeshekiakiak (Black Sparrow Hawk or Black Hawk) was a 19th century Sauk leader.
Black Kettle was a 19th-century Cheyenne chief. He was one of the strongest proponents of peace with the white settlers, but nonetheless suffered two brutal massacres of his people at Sand Creek and Washita.
Thayendanegea, known to whites as Joseph Brant, was an 18th-century Mohawk politician who supported the British in the Revolutionary War.
Ben Nighthorse Campbell is a Colorado Republican senator. Campbell is part Cheyenne.
Cardinal Tantoo is a mixed-blood Cree actress.
Heinmot Tooyalakekt (or Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt) was a 19th-century Nez Percé chief. He was known to whites as Chief Joseph (or "Young Joseph," to distinguish him from his father Tuyakaskas who was also called Chief Joseph).
Seattle (also spelled Sealth or Si'a) was a 19th century ruler of the Duwamish, Suquamish, and Lushootseed Salish tribes.
Goci, or Cochise, was a 19th century Chiricahua Apache war chief.
Tasunke Witko, or Crazy Horse, was a 19th-century military, religious, and political leader of the Oglala Sioux.
Pierre Cruzatte ("Peter Crusat" in Lewis' journals) was a 19th-century mixed-blood explorer who accompanied the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Tsi'yugunsini, or Dragging Canoe, was a militant 18th-century Cherokee leader who resisted white conquest.
Ohiyesa (Charles Eastman) was a 19th-20th century Dakota Sioux medical doctor, author, and reformer.
Logan Fontenelle was a 19th-century Omaha chief. His father was a Frenchman and he maintained friendly relations with the whites.
Pizi, or Gall, was a 19th-century Hunkpapa Lakota chief, an ally of Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
Goyathlay, called "Geronimo" by the Mexicans, was a 19th-century Apache war hero who led a military resistance against the Americans for 25 years.
Greylock was an 18th-century Abenaki leader.
Ishi was a 20th-century anthropological celebrity, the last survivor of Yahi tribe thought annihilated forty years previously.
Winona LaDuke is a White Earth Ojibwe activist and Green Party politician.
Taoyateduta, known to whites as "Little Crow" (though his name actually meant "red people,") was a 19th-century chief of the Mdewakanton Sioux.
Allalimya Takanin (Looking Glass) was a 19th-century chief of the Nez Perce, a supporter of Chief Joseph.
Wilma Mankiller is the former Chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, the first female principal chief of that nation.
Mary Jemison, or Dehgewanus, was not born Indian. She was a white teenager when she was captured by the Shawnee, but a Seneca family ransomed her and raised her as their own, and she lived with her adopted people all her life.
Alexander McGillivray was an 18th-century mixed-blood chief of the Creek Nation.
Russell Means is a prominent Sioux activist, artist and actor.
Billy Mills is an Oglala Sioux track star who won an Olympic gold medal in 1964.
Chief Ouray was a 19th-century leader of the Ute tribe.
Cynthia Ann Parker was not born Indian, but was adopted by a Comanche family at the age of 9. She was later captured by the Americans, and when they would not let her return to her Comanche family, she committed suicide. She was the mother of Quanah Parker, a noted Comanche chief.
Donehogawa (Ely Samuel Parker) was a 19th-century Seneca chief and politician.
Quanah Parker was a 19th-century Comanche leader.
Daughter of Omaha chief Joseph LaFlesche, Susan LaFlesche Picotte was the first American Indian woman to earn a medical degree (in the late 19th century).
This category is for the historical figure Pocahontas. Sites about the fictional Disney character should go elsewhere, please.
Matoaka, popularly known as Pocahontas, was a real person. She was eleven or twelve when she met John Smith; the romance between them was a later invention. She may or may not actually have saved his life. Smith said so, but this was in a letter of recommendation to the queen, and it was customary to exaggerate as much as possible in those. Certainly she helped the colonists by bringing them food. She was held hostage by the British at one point, but it's unclear whether this was a true hostage situation or a formality she agreed to (both were common in that era). She married an Englisman, John Rolfe, and died young of European disease.
Chief Pontiac was an 18th-century Ottawa leader who led a pan-Indian resistance movement.
Pope was a 17th-century Tewa Pueblo leader.
Makhpiya-Luta (Red Cloud) was a 19th-century Sioux warrior and statesman.
Kahnungdatlageh, or Ridge, was a controversial 19th-century Cherokee politician who signed away land rights and was assassinated by other Cherokee leaders.
Louis Riel was a 19th-century Metis leader, revolutionary, and founder of the province of Manitoba.
Sacagawea, or Bird Woman, was a 19th-century guide to the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Sequoyah was the 19th-century inventor of the Cherokee writing system.
Tatanka Iyotanka (Sitting Bull) was one of the greatest 19th-century Sioux war chiefs.
She was not born Indian but was adopted by the Miami people as a child and lived with them all her life.
Louis Francis Sockalexis was the first Indian athlete in major league baseball. He had an impressive season in 1897, but did not succeed in the majors due to racism and alcohol abuse.
Squanto was a 17th-century Indian youth who, through two European enslavements, learned English and avoided the annihilation of his village. He threw his lot in with the Pilgrims and saved them from near-certain death, for which he is remembered at Thanksgiving celebrations.
Tarhe was an 18th-century Wyandot chief.
Tecumseh was a Shawnee war chief and pan-tribal political leader of the 18th and early 19th century.
Raoul Trujillo is an Apache-Ute dancer and actor.
James Vann was a mixed-blood Cherokee and extremely wealthy businessman of the early 19th century.
There were actually a succession of three Dakota Sioux chiefs with this name.
Nanyehi, or Nancy Ward, was an influential Ghigua (Beloved Woman) of the Cherokees from 1755 until her death in 1824.
Thocmetony (Sarah) Winnemucca was a 19th-century Paiute activist and educator.
Wovoca, or Jack Wilson, was the 19th-century founder of the Ghost Dance religion.
Zintkala Nuni (Lost Bird) was a Sioux infant who survived the 1890 massacre of Wounded Knee shielded beneath her mother's body. She was adopted by a white military officer and had a short, tragic life.
Zitkala-Sa (Gertrude Bonnin) was a 19th-20th century Yankton Sioux author and activist.
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Last update: Saturday, September 13, 2014 12:40:20 PM EDT - edit