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The Amish are a separatist Christian group primarily located in central United States (concentrated in Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Ohio), though a few communities can be found in Canada and Central America as well. They are descended from Swiss Mennonites who fled to the United States to avoid persecution in the 18th century. They are best known for their avoidance of electricity and other modern conveniences.
Only websites that include significant information on more than one Amazonian tribe should be submitted in the Main Amazonian Category. Those specific to individual tribes should be submitted to one of the subcategories (Jivaroan, Panoan, Peba-Yaguan, Quechuan, Ticunan, Tucanoan, Tupi-Guaranian, Urarinan, Witototan, or Yanomam). Subcategories refer to linguistic groups. For more information with respect to the appropriate linguist group to submit to, refer to the Ethnologue Language Family Index at:

http://www.ethnologue.com/family_index.asp

If a prospective site for submission does not fit into one of the subcategories, a new category can be created. In cases of new category creation, the submitter should include more than one submission suggestion to prevent the new subcategory from only including one item.

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Indigenous, native, and tribal groups which originate in the Caribbean, and North, Central, and South America.

Melungeons are a group of mixed race people who have lived in Appalachia for at least 200 years and probably longer. They are thought to be a mix of Native American, African, Mediterranean and North European. There are Melungeons and their descendants all over the region, eastern Tennessee, western Virginia, eastern Kentucky and northern North Carolina. There are at least three groups that the name has been applied to, the first use of the name was for the Newman's Ridge group centered on Hancock and Hawkins Counties, TN, and Scott and Wise Counties, VA, then the Graysville Melungeons, between Knoxville and Chattanooga, and then the Kentucky Melungeons, in southeastern Kentucky. The term has also been used for the Redbones or Louisiana Melungeons, along the Texas-Louisiana border, and the Dead Lake People or Florida Melungeons in the Florida Panhandle. There is a lot of research, speculation and discussion on the origin of the Melungeons.

Melungeon was a derogatory term not used by the Melungeons themselves until very recently. Other terms used for them include "Black Dutch", "Black Irish", "Ramps", and "Goins". Goins is the most common surname in the group (also spelt Goens, Goings, Goines, Going, Goin, etc.).

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Last update: Tuesday, January 2, 2007 4:50:50 PM EST - edit