This category is about the technical aspects of spent nuclear fuel, management, reprocessing and disposal.
Spent nuclear fuel is used fuel from nuclear reactors at commercial power plants
, research reactors, government facilities, or from the nuclear medicine
These materials contain highly radioactive elements, such as cesium, strontium, technetium, and neptunium.
Some of these elements will remain radioactive for a few years, while others will be radioactive for millions of years.
Nuclear waste can be generally classified as either low level or high level radioactive waste. Low level nuclear waste usually includes material used to handle the radioactive parts of nuclear apparatus and waste from nuclear medicine
. High level waste includes the fission products activated in nuclear reactors or in accelerators.
The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a deep geologic repository in southeastern New Mexico
). It is the world's first underground repository licensed to safely and permanently dispose of transuranic radioactive waste
left from the research and production of U.S. nuclear weapons. After more than 20 years of scientific study, public input, and regulatory struggles, WIPP began operations on March 26, 1999.
The purpose of the Yucca Mountain project is to determine if Yucca Mountain is a suitable site for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste
storage. Yucca Mountain is located in a remote desert on federally protected land within the secure boundaries of a military test site in Nye County
. It is approximately 100 miles northwest of Las Vegas.