This subcategory is for sites pertaining to the study of human communication and understanding. This field focuses on content and process of interaction, primarily among humans. Communication study consists of several subdisciplines. Some classify by the number of interactors: intrapersonal, interpersonal, small group, mass communication. Some classify by the type of interaction or problems inherent: intercultural, mediated, political, religious, organizational. Some classify according to the factors of interaction: rhetoric, language, semiotics, perception, cognition.
This category is for resources related to the study and practice of intercultural and global communication.

Organizations that promote intercultural understanding but do not explicitly discuss communication theory or techniques do not belong here.

Businesses offering intercultural training or communication services belong in a Business category.

Colleges and universities offering programs of study in communication. Programs vary widely in subdisciplinary emphases (e.g., speech, rhetoric, interpersonal, group, organizational, mass communication, journalism) and in theoretical and/or practical approaches.
Intercultural communication is the study of how people or organizations communicate across cultures or national boundaries. Global communication refers more generally to problems in communication outside the Western societies where the field of communication studies originated. Both fields can overlap with interpersonal and group communication, as well as with rhetorical theory and criticism.
This category is for resources related to the study and practice of intercultural and global communication.

Organizations and projects that promote the understanding of global and intercultural communication belong here, especially those that discuss this topic from a social science point of view.

Businesses offering intercultural training or communication services belong in a Business category.

Health communication is a subfield that focuses on two major issues: 1. How communication techniques can be used to improve the public's understanding of health issues, such as smoking or diet. 2. How health care professionals, such as doctors, can communicate more effectively with patients. Health communication therefore overlaps with interpersonal communication and advertising/public relations. It is as likely to be taught in schools of Public Health as in traditional Speech Communication departments. The field is relatively new, dating back to the mid-1970s.
To be accepted, a site must provide information about an educational or training program that teaches effective communication techniques for health-care issues or health-care settings.
Interpersonal communication focuses on the study and practice of how individuals interact one-on-one. Although interpersonal communication draws on many concepts from psychology, it is usually taught in Communication departments.
Academic journals disseminating research in communication processes.
This category is for organizations primarily related to the scholarly study of communications, speech, and rhetoric. Toastmasters chapters should be submitted to Society/Organizations/Social/Toastmasters/.
Research information and educational materials on Public Speaking, primarily of interest to teachers and students.
Please submit Toastmasters sites to Society/Organizations/Social/Toastmasters, not to this category.
Organizations that seek to perform or foster research in communication.
According to Aristotle, rhetoric is "the faculty of observing in a given case the available means of persuasion." In contemporary terms, "rhetoric" is the social science that focuses on how to use language to create understanding and to change attitudes or behaviors. The earliest known works on rhetoric predate Aristotle, and rhetoric was an important part of a young Greek male's education to be a civic leader. Aristotle's theories were widely adopted and refined by rhetoricians of the Roman Empire, and later by Christian scholars. For over 1,000 years -- from about 600 A.D. to about 1800 -- rhetoric was one of the three liberal arts studied by every educated person. (The others were grammar and dialectic.) Around 1900, "rhetoric" became primarily the study of how to write effectively, while "speech" dominated college curricula as the study of effective persuasion. Today, these divisions are much less clear, but "rhetoric" is often distinguished from "communication studies" by a greater emphasis on criticism and practice, versus empirical or laboratory studies. In current usage, "rhetoric" has four connotations: 1. "Empty rhetoric." The popular use of the term to mean using words to confuse, bully, or obscure the issue. 2. Writing skills. Many departments of rhetoric focus on writing, especially technical writing. 3. Rhetorical theory. There is also a body of theory on how rhetoric works, some of it overlapping with literary theory. 4. Rhetorical criticism. The application of rhetorical theory in order to understand why a speech (or ad, or song, or whatever) was or was not persuasive.