Minoan is the name given to the palaces built c.1900-1400 BC on the Aegean Island of Crete. Characteristic features are columns tapering downwards, simple capitals and richly-coloured surfaces, including notable frescos.
The Mycenaeans of mainland Greece were influenced by the Minoans from about 1600 BC and appear to have taken control of Crete c.1400 BC. Their kings built citadels and beehive tombs. They were overthrown by Doric invasions c.1100 BC.