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This category is for websites related to archaeological study of the Southwestern (United States) prehistoric culture that was the predecessor of the "Pueblo" cultures.
Please submit general sites about the ancient history of Egypt to Society: History: By Region: Africa: Ancient: Egypt To avoid overlap, sites are listed only in the more appropriate of these two categories. Exceptions are rare.
The scientific study of material remains of past human life and activities in ancient Egypt from the pre-Dynastic to the end of the Ptolemaic Period in 30 BC. It is about the process of archaeological research more than the resulting understanding of history.
The study of the material remains of the Iron Age culture which emerged in central Europe c.1200 BC, spread to the Iberian peninsula in the 6th century BC and then the British Isles and North Italy. Much of the Celtic heartland was absorbed into the Roman Empire. For the Roman period, see Science: Social Sciences: Archaeology: Periods and Cultures: Roman
This category is for sites and pages about any aspect of the Etruscan civilization of Northern Italy.
Sites pertaining to the Harappan or Indus Civilization of South Asia.
The classical period of ancient Greek civilization from the first Olympic Games in 776 BC until the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. (From Hellas, the Greek name for Greece). This includes ancient Greek colonies outside the present boundaries of Greece.
An era of European history also called the Middle Ages that extended from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD to the fall of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire in the 15th century AD.
Please submit only sites that relate specifically to Olmec archeology.
The Pre-Columbian civilizations of the central regions of the Americas. A cultural area with fluid geographical boundaries having common historic and cultural features, including the cultivation of maize, writing, an astronomic calendar, sacrifices and the building of pyramids (platform mounds) and ball courts.
Minoan is the name given to the palaces built c.1900-1400 BC on the Aegean Island of Crete. Characteristic features are columns tapering downwards, simple capitals and richly-coloured surfaces, including notable frescos. The Mycenaeans of mainland Greece were influenced by the Minoans from about 1600 BC and appear to have taken control of Crete c.1400 BC. Their kings built citadels and beehive tombs. They were overthrown by Doric invasions c.1100 BC.
The study of the material remains of societies of the modern era i.e. Post-Reformation in Europe, Post-Columbian in the New World.
The term "prehistory" is used to refer to those groups of people across time who did not rely on written documents to record information about their society. Instead, these peoples often used other tools like oral tradition or pneumonic devices to forge a collective memory. Prehistory does not occur in one particular time or place. In parts of the Near East, one must go back deep into the B.C. period to talk about prehistory, while in others like the Northeastern U.S. prehistory continues until the 16th century with the coming of Europeans. Prehistory is not only used to talk about the lives of fully modern humans but is also applied to early hominids like Homo erectus and Neandertal who have been shown to engage in cultural expression (e.g. build shelters, use fire, tool making, ritual, etc.)
The scientific study of material remains of the civilization centred on ancient Rome and culminating in the Roman Empire. The period is here taken to be from the expulsion of the Etruscan dynasty in 510 BC to the overthrow of the Western Empire in 476 AD.
A people living north of the Black Sea between the Carpathian mountains and the river Don in the 7th-1st century BC. From the middle of the 4th century BC they were superseded there by the Sarmatians. The Scythians migrated eastwards across the steppes to settle finally in the Turkistan area of Central Asia.
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Last update: Saturday, February 2, 2008 5:46:31 AM EST - edit