Agricultural Biodiversity, sometimes called 'Agrobiodiversity', encompasses the variety and variability of animals, plants and micro-organisms which are necessary to sustain key functions of the agro-ecosystem, its structure and processes for, and in support of, food production and food security.
Agricultural Biodiversity provides:
i. Sustainable production of food and other agricultural products emphasising both strengthening sustainability in production systems at all levels of intensity and improving the conservation, sustainable use and enhancement of the diversity of all genetic resources for food and agriculture, especially plant and animal genetic resources, in all types of production systems.
ii. Biological or life support to production emphasising conservation, sustainable use and enhancement of the biological resources that support sustainable production systems, particularly soil biota, pollinators and predators.
iii. Ecological and social services provided by agro-ecosystems such as landscape and wildlife protection, soil protection and health (fertility, structure and function), water cycle and water quality, air quality, CO2 sequestration, etc.
Please submit key links on Agricultural Biodiversity, covering crop, livestock, forestry, fisheries, microbial, soil, genetic resources for food and agriculture, agroecosystem diversity, policies and treaties (e.g. FAO and CBD)
Aquatic Diversity is an important component of agricultural biodiversity. The conservation and sustainable use of local aquatic ecosystems, ponds, rivers, coastal commons by artisanal fisherfolk and smallholder farmers is important to the survival of both humans and the environment. Since aquatic organisms, including fish, provide much of our food supply and income for coastal peoples, it is critical that fisherfolk and smallholder farmers have genetic reserves and sustainable ecosystems to draw upon as aquaculture and marine fisheries management continue to evolve.
Please submit sites and papers that cover key issues on aquatic diversity / biodiversity of fish and aquatic organisms / aquatic ecosystem diversity - especially those that include the conservation and sustainable use activities of fisherfolk
more information (editors only)
This category contains links to international, national or other Clearing House sites dealing specifically with Agricultural Biodiversity.
Any relevant clearing house site is welcome, so long as it deals specifically with agricultural biodiversity.
Domestic Animal Diversity is an important component of agricultural biodiversity. The conservation and sustainable use of local breeds by farmers, pastoralists, breed societies and enthusiasts is important to the survival of both humans and animals. Since domesticated animals provide much of our food supply, it is critical that farmers, pastoralists and animal breeders have genetic reserves to draw upon as agriculture continues to evolve. Livestock depend on forage and feed diversity and contribute, through nutrient recycling, to maintaining soil biodiversity.
Please submit sites and papers that cover key issues on domestic animal diversity (DAD)/ livestock diversity / rare breeds - especially those that include the conservation and sustainable use activities of farmers and pastoralists
On-farm conservation and sustainable use of crop biodiversity - both cultivated crops and wild relatives
Please submit sites for on-farm (in situ) conservation and sustainable use of the biodiversity of agricultural crops and their wild relatives
Links to principal non-profit, public interest seed saver organisations throughout the world which conserve and distribute heritage and heirloom varieties of seeds, often through volunteer seed guardians
Any non-profit, public interest Seed Savers organisation site is welcome, especially those that provide national and international outreach