The legislative branch of the United States government is comprised of the two houses of the US Congress and their affiliated offices. The makeup and powers of Congress are detailed in Article I of the US Constitution.
The Agencies that are charged with the support of Congress are:
* Architect of the Capitol * Congressional Budget Office (CBO) * Congressional Research Service * Copyright Office * Government Accountability Office (GAO) * Government Printing Office (GPO) * Library of Congress * Medicare Payment Advisory Commission * Open World Leadership Center * Stennis Center for Public Service * U.S. Botanic Garden * U.S. Capitol Visitor Center
These agencies are listed at http://www.usa.gov/Agencies/Federal/Legislative.shtml has having special responsibility to the Congress of the United States. No other agencies should be listed in this category.
Only for specific agencies that are listed as supporting the Congress of the United States. These agencies are listed in the Category description. No other agencies should be listed in this category.
The Congressional Record is the constitutionally provisioned official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published under the supervision of the Joint Committee on Printing (JCP) and printed and issued by the United States Government Printing Office.
This subcategory is for sites pertaining to the House of Representatives, the lower house of the United States Congress.
The makeup of the House is determined by the US Constitution. There are 435 representatives who serve two-year terms (each House is reconstituted on January 3 of every odd-numbered year). Members of the House of Representatives must be 25 years of age, an inhabitant of the state from which he or she is elected, and a citizen of the United States for at least 7 years.
The representatives are divided among the states proportionally according to population, determined by a decennial census ("actual enumeration"). Each state is entitled to at least one representative. Over the years, politically-motivated re-districting (referred to by critics as "gerrymandering") has allowed many districts to become strongholds or "safe seats" for either the Democratic or the Republican Party, since the borders are drawn to include voting groups favorable to one or the other.
While they do not vote for members of either the House or the Senate, residents of the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and other districts and territories of the United States are represented by delegates. These delegates participate in certain committees, but their votes are not counted in proceedings of the full House.
Consists of Members of both Branches and having jurisdiction over matters of joint interest. Most joint committees are standing committees (for example, the Joint Committee on the Library) but special joint committees have been created to address specific issues (such as the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War).
This subcategory contains sites pertaining to the United States Senate, the upper legislative body of the US Congress.
The makeup of the Senate is determined by the US Constitution. Each state elects two Senators who serve staggered 6-year terms so that one third of the Senate is replaced every 2 years. The 17th Amendment, ratified in 1913, allows for the direct election of Senators; previously, senators had been chosen by the state legislators.
Members of the US Senate must be 30 years of age, a resident of the state from which s/he is elected, and a US citizen for at least 9 years.
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