Craniofacial abnormalities are congenital musculoskeletal disorders which primarily affect the cranium and facial bones.
Apert syndrome is a congenital disorder characterized by malformations of the skull, face, hands and feet.
Mental retardation associated mainly with costovertebral malformations and orofacial defects. Mental defect may not be inherent but rather a consequence of neonatal respiratory distress.
A cleft lip is formed in the top of the lip as either a small gap or an indentation in the lip and may continue into the nose. If the cleft affects the palate structure of the mouth it is referred to as a cleft palate.
Goldenhar syndrome is a rare congenital defect characterized by incomplete development of the ear, nose, soft palate, lip and mandible.
Oral-facial-digital syndrome is a generic name for a variety of different genetic disorders that result in malformations of the mouth, teeth, jaw, facial bones, hands and feet.
Parry-Rombergs Syndrome is a condition that causes the breakdown of the skin and soft tissues of half of the face.
Characterized by a combination of three features, possibly due to the underdevelopment of the lower jaw. The lower jaw is abnormally small (micrognathia), the tongue is displaced downwards (glossoptosis), and there is an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth (cleft soft palate).
Raine syndrome, also called osteosclerotic bone dysplasia, is a rare autosomal, recessive congenital disorder characterized by craniofacial anomalies.
Stickler's Syndrome is a disorder affecting collagen, characterized by distinctive facial abnormalities, eye problems, hearing loss and joint problems.
Sturge-Weber Syndrome is composed of three major symptoms. Excessive blood vessel growths (leptomeningeal angiomas) are accompanied by accumulations of calcium inside the brain, and seizures. Facial birth marks (nevus flammeus) appear usually on one side of the face. Angiomas similar to those found in the brain can develop inside the eye, often with secondary glaucoma.
Treacher Collins Syndrome is a condition in which the cheekbones and jawbones are underdeveloped. It is sometimes called mandibulofacial dysostosis.