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Starting in early February, 2001 there is a severe outbreak of this disease in Great Britain. Foot and Mouth Disease is also known as Hoof and Mouth Disease. It infects all cloven footed animals such as sheep, goats, cattle, swine, deer, elk, moose, camels, llama, and bison. Horses are not affected. It is highly communicable and can easily be accidently transported by people traveling from infected areas.
Johne's disease or paratuberculosis is caused by the mycobactium species, Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. It affects the small and large intestine of ruminants. It causes thickening of the tissues which results in diarrhea and decreased absorption of nutrients. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis has been implicated by some research as the cause of Crohn's disease in humans.
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Last update: Wednesday, September 26, 2012 5:15:02 AM EDT - edit