Konrad Zuse built the first functioning, freely programmable, binary based computer, the Z1, in 1938; and the first fully automatic computer, the Z3, in 1941, which he installed in his parents' living room in Berlin. He made the first programming language, Plankalkül, from 1942 to 1946. It was not published until 1972, and the first compiler for it was done in 2000. A Linux distribution, SuSE, is named partly in his honor.
To this category, please submit links only on Konrad Zuse, German computer pioneer.