One of the oldest leading figures in artificial intelligence research, considered by some the father of AI. A founder of: MIT AI Lab, MIT Media Lab, open source/content Open Mind Commonsense project. Author: many books, including the influential and accessible 'The Society of Mind'. Inventions: mechanical hands and other robotic devices, confocal scanning microscope, Muse synthesizer for musical variations (with E. Fredkin), first LOGO turtle (with S. Papert). Member: NAS, NAE and Argentine NAS. Awards: ACM Turing Award, MIT Killian Award, the Japan Prize, IJCAI Research Excellence Award, Rank Prize for Optoelectronics.