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He was born December 26th, 1791 in Teignmouth, Devonshire and died October 18th, 1871, London. He is most famous for his ideas about building an "analytical engine", the predecessor of the digital computer. He was a graduate of Cambridge University, and later held the Lucasian Chair of Mathematics there.
C. Gordon Bell, born 19 August 1934, is a computer engineer and manager. An early employee of Digital Equipment Corp., DEC, he designed several of the PDP series, later became Vice President of Engineering, and oversaw development of the VAX.
Daniel Bricklin was the co-inventor of the first spreadsheet program, called VisiCalc, with Bob Frankston. This was the software application that first got personal computers into corporations in a big way.
Professor Edsger Wybe Dijkstra. Born May 30, 1930 in Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Died August 6, 2002 Nuenen, the Netherlands. Dijkstra was an algorithm researcher and inventor, creator/initiator of Structured Programming, Schlumberger Centennial Chair in Computer Sciences, Professor of Mathematics, University of Leyden, won 1972 ACM Turing Award.
John Presper Eckert (1919-1995), an electrical engineer, worked with John W. Mauchly (1907-1980). They built the ENIAC (1941-1945), viewed by many as the first electronic digital computer. Mauchly designed the system. Eckert built the electronic circuits. Then, they started the Electronic Control Company, which built the Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), the first business computer to store data on magnetic tape, instead of punch cards. Then, Electronic Control Company became the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corp., which built the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC 1). In 1950, the firm had financial trouble and was acquired by Remington Rand Corp.
Invented and lead development of groupware (SRI Augment system), word processing (display editing), outlining, hyperlinks, hyper-documents, graphical user interfaces, integrated text and graphics, windowing user interfaces (non-overlapping, tiled), two-way video-conferencing with shared workspaces, the computer mouse, chording keyboards, and was director of Node 1 of the Internet (Node 0 was MIT). He is also a kind, gentle, soft spoken soul.
Tommy Flowers Born December 22, 1905 - died October 28, 1998. Creator of the world's first digital computer. Employed by the British Post Office, he worked in the 1930s on converting England's mechanical telephone switching system to an electronic system, but without much success. During WWII he was recruited by Bletchley Park where he applied his experience in telephone systems switching to build 'Colossus', the first electronic, rather than mechanical, code breaker.
Submit only websites about Bill Gates or his work.

Websites about the Microsoft Corporation and its products should be submitted to the appropriate category.

Bill Gates is co-founder of Microsoft and the worlds richest man.
Born on December 9, 1906 in New York City. Died January 1, 1992. In September 1991, she was awarded the National Medal of Technology, the nations highest honour in engineering and technology. She was a co-inventor of the COBOL programming language.
Daniel Henry Holmes Ingalls, Jr. is a former researcher of Xerox PARC, and a pioneer of object-oriented computer programming. He was the main architect, designer, and implementor of five generations of Smalltalk environments, including the first. He designed the byte-coded virtual machine that made Smalltalk practical in 1976, a variant of which is central to Java today. His major contributions to Squeak Smalltalk are the original concept of a Smalltalk written in itself and made portable and efficient by a Smalltalk-to-C translator. He also invented Bit blit (BitBlt), the general-purpose graphic operation that underlies most bitmap graphics systems today, and designed generalizations of it to arbitrary color depth, with built-in scaling, rotation, and anti-aliasing. He invented pop-up menus.
Please suggest sites about Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple, NeXT, and Pixar.
Steven Paul "Steve" Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American inventor and businessman. He was co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Apple Inc. Jobs also previously served as chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios; he became a member of the board of directors of the Walt Disney Company in 2006, following the acquisition of Pixar by Disney. [Source: Wikipedia]
Early advocate of using graphics for computer user interfaces, and of using computers to educate children creatively (*NOT* by wrote memory via drillware), one of the creators of object-oriented programming, leader in the creation of Smalltalk and the personal computer. Now working on Squeak and related software.
Co-creator, with Dennis Ritchie, of the Unix operating system and C programming language.
Born May 19th, 1942. Died 1994. The creator of the CP/M operating system and founder of Digital Research. Gary was the first person to interface a disk system to a microcomputer and create an operating system for it. He changed what had previously been a circuit designed for process control applications into a fully functional computer.
Dr. Donald Knuth, Professor Emeritus of Computer Science, Stanford University, is a seminal thinker and writer in programming, created the TeX markup language, Literate Programming, and the legendary landmark series of books 'The Art of Computer Programming'. He is also one of the few programmers who pays people for discovering bugs in his programs.
Raymond C. Kurzweil is a pioneer in several areas of the computer industry involving mainly artificial intelligence (AI). He was the main developer of many firsts: omni-font optical character recognition (OCR) software, text-to-speech synthesizer and print-to-speech reading machine for the blind, charge coupled device (CCD) flat-bed scanner, commercially marketed large-vocabulary speech recognition software, electronic keyboard music synthesizer able to emulate the sounds of orchestra instruments such as grand pianos. He founded and developed nine successful businesses in: OCR, speech recognition, reading technology, virtual reality, financial investment, cybernetic art, music synthesis, and other areas of AI. He has written books on health, AI, transhumanism, and the technological singularity. He is a recognized leader in future studies. Awards and Honors; national, international: Inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame, September 2002. Lemelson-MIT Prize, $500,000, US largest award in invention and innovation, 2001. National Medal of Technology, 1999, US’s highest honor in technology, from President Clinton in White House ceremony. Dickson Prize 1994 (Carnegie Mellon University, top science prize). Engineer of the Year, Design News. Inventor of the Year, MIT. Grace Murray Hopper Award, Association for Computing Machinery. Honorary Doctorates and honors (12) from 3 U.S. presidents. Film awards, 7 national and international.
Butler Lampson is a pioneering computer and programming language designer, responsible for many innovative system designs and implementations. His most famous, and perhaps his most important work was the famous, almost legendary, Xerox PARC workstation: the Alto.
HÃ¥kan Lans is an inventor from Sweden. He has invented several things including colour computer graphics (U.S. Patent 4,303,986 Data processing system and apparatus for color graphics display) and the first mass produced pointing device (not a mouse but a digitization tablet), the HI Pad, made by Houston Instruments.
Lovelace, Ada (1815-1852) Countess of Lovelace, Ada Byron King; daughter of Lord Byron and legendary for programming Babbage's analytical engine.
John W. Mauchly (1907-1980), a physicist, worked with John Presper Eckert (1919-1995). They built the ENIAC (1941-1945), viewed by many as the first electronic digital computer. Mauchly designed the system. Eckert built the electronic circuits. Then, they started the Electronic Control Company, which built the Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), the first business computer to store data on magnetic tape, instead of punch cards. Then, Electronic Control Company became the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corp., which built the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC 1). In 1950, the firm had financial trouble and was acquired by Remington Rand Corp. In 1959, Mauchly left Rand to start a consulting firm, Mauchly Associates. In the late 1960s, he started another firm, Dynatrend.
To this category please submit links only on Professor John McCarthy, mathematician, and cognitive and computer scientist.
Professor John McCarthy is a mathematician, computer scientist, and cognitive scientist; a pioneer in mathematical theory of computation, artificial intelligence (he created the term Artificial Intelligence), and computer programming languages: he invented (some say discovered) Lisp in 1958, one of the oldest and highest level languages, arguably the oldest language in active use today, and maybe the oldest high-level language overall, along with Fortran. Languages of similar vintage are Fortran and Cobol. As of 2001 Jan 1, he is Professor Emeritus of Computer Science, Stanford University, USA.
Robert Metcalfe (born 1946 in Brooklyn, New York) is a US computer scientist, best known for his work in computer networking (connecting computers to each other), over short distances, called Local Area Networks, LANs. He has two Bachelor's degrees from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT: in electrical engineering; and industrial management, from MIT's Sloan School of Management. He has a Ph.D., from Harvard University, with a thesis on packet switching, written while working at MIT's Project MAC. In 1973, while working at Xerox PARC, he invented Ethernet, a standard for LANs. In 1979, Metcalfe left PARC, and founded 3Com, a maker of computer networking equipment. In 1980, he got the Association for Computing Machinery Grace Murray Hopper Award for contributions to the development of LANs, specifically Ethernet. In 1990, he retired from 3Com and began 10 years of work as a publisher and pundit, writing an Internet column for InfoWorld. In 2001, he became a venture capitalist. Now, he is a General Partner at Polaris Venture Partners, and director of PopTech, an executive technology conference he cofounded in 1997. He discovered Metcalfe's Law: the value of a network equals about the square of the number of nodes (users) of the network (n2). But, a node cannot connect to itself, so the formula is: n(n-1)/2 On 14 March 2005, he got the National Medal of Technology from President Bush in a White House ceremony, for leadership in the invention, standardization, and commercialization of Ethernet.
Jay Miner (1932-1994) is known as "Father of the Amiga" and he was the hardware designer behind the computer. He also designed some of the first digital voltmeters and calculators. For Atari he developed the Video Computer system (VCS). He also worked on the design for the Atari 400 and 800 computers.
One of the oldest leading figures in artificial intelligence research, considered by some the father of AI. A founder of: MIT AI Lab, MIT Media Lab, open source/content Open Mind Commonsense project. Author: many books, including the influential and accessible 'The Society of Mind'. Inventions: mechanical hands and other robotic devices, confocal scanning microscope, Muse synthesizer for musical variations (with E. Fredkin), first LOGO turtle (with S. Papert). Member: NAS, NAE and Argentine NAS. Awards: ACM Turing Award, MIT Killian Award, the Japan Prize, IJCAI Research Excellence Award, Rank Prize for Optoelectronics.
Gordon Moore cofounded Intel Corp., and is author of Moore's law, published in an article in 19 April 1965, Electronics Magazine. In 1950, he got a B.S. in Chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley; in 1954, a Ph.D. in Chemistry and Physics from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). In July 1968, he cofounded Intel, serving as Executive Vice President. In 1975, he became President and Chief Executive Officer. In April 1979, he became Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer. In April 1987, he stayed Chairman of the Board.
The architect of BRL-CAD, a substantial third-generation CSG solid modeling system available free of charge, and the author of ping and ttcp.
Born 1935, died March, 2003. Details of his life and achievements can be found at http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/misc/obituaries/needham/RogerNeedhamMemoir.pdf in PDF format.
This category is for sites about Ted Nelson, the creator of Xanadu. An early (failed) incarnation of hypertext. This category should have links to articles and sites about Ted Nelson.
Born: 28 Dec 1903 in Budapest, Hungary Died: 8 Feb 1957 in Washington D.C., USA He built a solid framework for quantum mechanics, worked in game theory, was able to investigate spaces with continuously varying dimensions, and was one of the pioneers of computer science. He was involved in the development of the hydrogen bomb.
Main inventor of Logo programming language (Lisp for kids), and pioneer in using computers in education. Mostly ignored by the orthodox education establishment.
Jef Raskin, 9 March 1943 - 26 February 2005, was a computer scientist, cognitive psychology expert, and user interface pioneer. He worked for a world where computers served people, rather than forcing people to do things in the computers' often unintuitive and unsafe ways. He is most famous for his work at Apple Computer, where he was employee number 31. In 1979, he began the program that led to the Macintosh. He was the original director of the program, and led the project, until forced out by Steve Jobs. In 1982, he left Apple. He is still called the father of the Macintosh. He invented click-and-drag selection in graphic user interfaces (GUIs), the one-button mouse, and other inventions. He coined the term and the concept of 'information appliances'. After Apple, he went on to work for Cannon where he broke new interface ground with the Cannon Cat word processor and computer. His last project was an operating system and user interface called THE, The Humane Interface, which he renamed Archy. Besides many technical accomplishments, he was a skilled pianist, recorder player (he played three instruments), composer/improviser, orchestra conductor (for the San Francisco Chamber Opera Society), writer, newspaper columnist, juggler, bicycle racer, race car driver, model airplane designer, archer, ping-pong player, photographer, and visual artist. He died of pancreas cancer, tragically young, at age 61, on a Saturday, peacefully at home, surrounded by loved ones.
Dennis Ritchie co-created Unix with Ken Thompson, created the C programming language, lead development of Plan 9, and leads development of Inferno.
Charles Simonyi is a Hungarian born (10 September 1948) programmer and software developer, and Cold War refugee. In 1972, he joined Xerox PARC and worked with Butler Lampson to create the first WYSIWYG word processor, called Bravo. In 1981, he moved to Microsoft, became head of the application software group, and managed creation of its flagship office programs: Word, Multiplan, and Excel. In 2002, he left Microsoft to found a firm to create and promote a breakthrough programming methodology: Intentional Programming. In 2007, he will become the fifth space tourist.
British electronics pioneer, invented and sold one of the first electronic calculators, and early home computers.
In 1984, Richard Stallman founded the FSF (Free Software Foundation) and related GNU project (GNU's Not Unix). Stallman is the person who formalized then prevailing practices of the Unix/Internet operations and programming community into a licensing system called 'Free Software'. Later, other people renamed this to 'Open Source'.
Ivan Sutherland pioneered computer graphics, human-computer interaction, and programming languages, all at once, when in the early 1960s, he created the landmark program Sketchpad, viewed by many as the earliest constraint programming language. He also created the first head mounted computer display, which is now termed virtual reality.
Lawrence (Larry) G. Tesler, born 24 April 1945, is a computer scientist, working mainly on human-computer interaction. He has worked at Xerox PARC, Apple Computer, Amazon.com, and Yahoo. In the 1960s, at Stanford University, he studied computer science, and worked in the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. From 1973 to 1980, he was at Xerox PARC, where he worked on many things, including Smalltalk, and the Gypsy word processor. In 1980, he moved to Apple Computer, where he was Vice President of AppleNet, Vice President of the Advanced Technology Group, Chief Scientist, worked on the Lisa, and supported Macintosh as Lisa successor.
Mark Weiser; July 23, 1952 - April 27, 1999, computer scientist, former chief technology officer at Xerox PARC, created (or discovered) and named the related ideas of Ubiquitous Computing, and Calm Technology. He studied Computer and Communication Science at University of Michigan, got an M.A. in 1977, a Ph.D. in 1979, then taught computer science at University of Maryland, College Park, for 12 years. He was also the drummer in the first band to perform live on the Internet, Severe Tire Damage.
Born: 26 Nov 1894 in Columbia, Missouri, USA Died: 18 March 1964 in Stockholm, Sweden He worked in the areas of mathematical logic, cybernetics, stochastic processes, quantum theory and gunfire control.
Terry Allen Winograd (24 February 1946) is a computer scientist. He has worked in many fields. His best known, even famous, work was in philosophy of mind, and artificial intelligence, especially natural language processing, via the program SHRDLU, in 1968-70. In the early 1980s, he helped found Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, for which he was national president. Since the early 1990s, he has researched collaborative computing, groupware, and human-computer interaction, HCI. He is a professor of computer science at Stanford University.
The Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, California, was home to many creators of modern personal and network computing.
To this category, please submit links only on Konrad Zuse, German computer pioneer.
Konrad Zuse built the first functioning, freely programmable, binary based computer, the Z1, in 1938; and the first fully automatic computer, the Z3, in 1941, which he installed in his parents' living room in Berlin. He made the first programming language, Plankalkül, from 1942 to 1946. It was not published until 1972, and the first compiler for it was done in 2000. A Linux distribution, SuSE, is named partly in his honor.
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