This category is only for sites discussing the compression algorithms themselves. Companies offering compression software or hardware should be submitted to the appropriate subcategory of Computers/Software/Data_Compression or Computers/Hardware.
Personal pages of compression researchers should be submitted to Computers/Algorithms/Compression/Researchers.
Sites about or belonging to a compression-related research group or relating to a compression conference should be submitted to Computers/Algorithms/Compression/Research_Groups or Computers/Algorithms/Compression/Conferences.
"Anyone who considers arithmetical methods of producing random digits is, of course, in a state of sin." - John von Neumann (1951)A classic reference on this topic, and a good starting point, is Donald Knuth's Art of Computer Programming.
"Random number generators should not be chosen at random." - Donald Knuth (1986)Another good reference, for nonuniform random number generation in particular, is Luc Devroye's Non-Uniform Random Variate Generation (Springer-Verlag); see also his page in this category. There are also some approaches that claim to be "truly random," based on outside data like radioactive decay and white noise from deep space. However, randomness is inherently a theoretical notion, and is difficult to exhibit perfectly in real life, unless perhaps we fully master quantum mechanics.