As the bouzouki came to be "acquired", its construction was modified to allow players to play standing up, and has a shorter neck and a flat back. A variety of tunings are used, the most popular being g–d'–a'–d''.
They are double strung - with varying numbers of strings.
At least some of the differences and traditions can be traced to the country's Atlantic and sea-faring connections.
This category is intended to include all Portuguese variants of the guitar family.