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The bata are a set of three double-headed tapered cylinders with a slight hourglass shape. They are talking drums, their three pitches matching those of the Yoruba language.
Bata drums originated in Yorubaland where they were and still are used for religious rituals. In the early 1800s, when hundreds of thousands of Yoruba people where enslaved and taken to Cuba, they took their musical heritage and religious practices with them. In Cuba, the drums are both sacred, used in what has become Santeria, and secular. They're now heard in popular music, after being introduced via Latin Jazz.
The bodhrán is a traditional Irish frame drum made of goat skin stretched over one side of a wooden frame. The drum traditionally is struck with a single wooden stick called a tipper or cipin [kip-een].
One hand is placed on the inside of the drum skin to allow the player to moderate the tones of the drum by stretching the skin through pressure, or by changing the size of the effective vibrating region by muting areas of the skin.
The djembe drum, originally from West Africa, is a 20-30 inch tall chalice-shaped wooden drum covered with goat or antelope hide. It is played with bare hands.
The dundun is a double-headed cylindrical drum, the talking drum of the Yoruba people of Nigeria.
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In an attempt to control Carnival celebrations, the government of Trinidad and Tobago banned African drums, then they banned the bamboo sticks that replaced them. In 1937, an orchestra performed using only oil drums, frying pans, and dust bin lids. Musicians soon learned how to tune the oil drums and by the 1950s steelpans had achieved widespread use and respectability.
A steel tongue drum (or tank drum) is a round steel drum originally fashioned from a propane tank. The instrument is played with the fingers or mallets.
Tabla, a percussion instrument of the Indian subcontinent, is composed of a treble drum and a base drum.
The tambourine is a circular frame drum with rows of metal disc jingles. Sizes and playing styles vary by region, as do the names of the instrument, including pandeiro (Brazil), mazhar (Eqypt), tamburello (Southern Italy), riq or deff (Middle East), tambour di bass (Indonesia), and pandereta (Spanish).