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Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Kaija Saariaho, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Finnish Post-modern composer Kaija Saariaho (1952-) has written for violin, orchestra, string quartet, and various traditional and electronic combinations, as well as various song works.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of le Chevalier de Saint-Georges, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
The Guadelupe-born Classical period composer Joseph Boulogne was later given the title le Chevalier de Saint-Georges by French King Louis XVI. He was an accomplished athlete as well as having great musical talent. He fought for the Republic in the French Revolution, moved to Haiti for a time, then returned to France, where he died. He wrote violin concertos, symphonies, string quartets, and harpsichord and violin sonatas.
Submit sites pertaining specifically to Saint-Saëns, including biographies, discographies, bibliographies, and analyses of his work.
By chronolgy, French composer Camille Saint-Saëns (1835-1921) is part of the bridge between the Romantic and Modern periods. However, many of his compositions are more in line with the Classical period. Noted works include Symphony No. 3 (the "Organ" Symphony), the opera Samson et Dalila, and a piece he considered not worthy of performance, but by which he may be best known, the witty Le Carnaval des Animaux (The Carnival of the Animals).
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Saint Colombe, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
French early Baroque composer Saint Colombe (c. 1630-1701) is not well known save through his music. His true identity is unknown; many are reasonably certain that it was one Augustin Dautrcourt but some believe that he was Parisian bourgeois Jean de Sainte Columbe.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Antonio Salieri, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian Classical period composer Antonio Salieri (1750-1825) seems ever doomed to be overshadowed by the genius of Mozart. However, he was a gifted composer in his own right, writing some 45 operas as well as many other pieces of vocal and instrumental music.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Aulis Sallinen, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Finnish Modern period composer Aulis Sallinen (1935-) was born in an area later claimed by the Soviet Union. Despite his more recent birth, his music, particularly his operas, carry the flavor of traditional works of earlier years. Still, there is always at least a hint of the Modern or Post-modern in his compositions. His first opera was Ratsumies (The Horseman) and his most noted may be King Lear. Other pieces include chamber music and a number of symphonies.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Esa-Pekka Salonen, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Post-modern Finnish composer and conductor Esa-Pekka Salonen (1958-) began learning music early and his compositions were being performed and recorded before his twenty-fifth birthday. His conducting career began with London's Philharmonia Orchestra and he later took the baton of the Los Angeles Philharmonic.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Hans Salter, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Austrian composer Hans Salter (1896-1994) came to the United States in 1937 to escape Nazism. He was soon established as a motion picture composer and music director. A number of horror movies had his melodic touch, including some Frankenstein-related pictures. He wrote for one of the versions of Beau Geste and received several Academy Award nominations, among them for Christmas Holiday and This Love of Ours.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Giovanni Battista, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian Baroque composer Giovanni Battista (1701-1775) contributed to the development of the symphony. Sixty-eight of his own symphonies survive, along with other pieces of secular and religious music. Gluck was a student and Mozart was influenced by him.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Erik Satie, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
French Romantic composer Erik Satie (1866-1925) could be termed a musical eccentric whose influence over others exceeded his own compositions. For a time a Rosicrucian, he later founded his own church, excommunicating those with whom he disagreed. Critical response to his music for the ballet Parade gave rise to the term and the movement called Surrealism. His compositions were often oddly titled, with Trois Gymnopédies for piano perhaps his best-known set of works.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Alessandro Scarlatti, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian Baroque composer Alessandro Scarlatti (1660-1725) was teacher of Hasse, Geminiani, and his son Domenico. He is sometimes regarded as the father of Neapolitan opera (opera seria). He began as Maestro di cappella to the Queen of Sweden in Rome (1679), then held other positions before returning to Naples in 1708. Alessandro composed 115 operas as well as oratorios, Masses, cantatas (many solo), madrigals, concerti grossi, harpsichord and chamber pieces. Handel met him and may have studied under him when visited Italy in the early 1700s.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Domenico Scarlatti, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian Baroque composer Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757) was the sixth child of Alessandro Scarlatti, himself a noted composer. Domenico is most remembered for his keyboard music, particularly his single movement sonatas.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Giocinto Scelsi, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian composer (1905-1988) of strikingly original music in his later periods. His early music was influenced by Scriabin and Berg and Eastern philosophy. He considered himself a medium who received musical messages rather than a composer. His assistants transcribed his tape recorded improvisations and, after his death, some claimed to be his ghostwriters.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Samuel Scheidt, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German Baroque composer and organist Samuel Scheidt (1587-1654) studied under Sweelinck and became a major influence on organ composition and technique, especially in northern Germany. He wrote a large amount of church organ and vocal music, including his cantiones sacrae for eight voices. His three volume work Tabulatura nova moved music to staff notation and contained hymns, psalms, chorales and the Mass.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Johann Hermann Schein, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German Baroque composer and poet Johann Hermann Schein (1586-1630) wrote mainly sacred choral music. He was appointed Kantor of Thomaskirche, Leipzig in 1616.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of David Schickele, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American musician, film maker, composer, and humanitarian David Schickele (1937-1999) was brother of Peter "P.D.Q. Bach" Schickele. A Peace Corps volunteer, he produced the first major film about that organization.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Peter Schickele, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Twentieth century American composer Peter Schickele (1935-) was exposed to the satirical jazz of Spike Jones during his eighth year. Also a serious student of music, he blended the two into his fictitious alter ego, P. D. Q. Bach. The first work assigned to P. D. Q. was a parody of J. S. Bach's Coffee Cantata entitled the Sanka Cantata. Schickele wrote a number of serious works, including commissioned pieces for symphony orchestras and produced humorous works and parodies under his own name, as well as that of P. D. Q. Bach.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Max von Schillings, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German late Romantic composer and conductor Max von Schillings (1868-1933) premiered several operas by contemporaries. His own most noted works are his violin concerto, a prologue to Oedipus Rex and the opera Moloch.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Franz Schmidt, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Although many of his compositions were completed in the 20th century, Austrian Franz Schmidt (1874-1939) was of the late Romantic school. Much of his music was neglected because of his politics (he often championed fascism) but later underwent a minor revival. Noted compositions include the opera Notre-Dame; based on the story of the Hunchback, his Fourth Symphony, a requiem honoring his daughter who died in childbirth; and the oratorio Das Buch mit sieben Siegeln (The Book of the Seven Seals).
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Ole Schmidt, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Danish composer and conductor Ole Schmidt was born in 1928 in Copenhagen.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Alfred Schnittke, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Russian born Alfred Harrievich Schnittke (1934-1998) claimed to be half Jewish and half German. He wrote in a variety of styles, sometimes accepting, at other times rejecting the Post-modernism of his time. He wrote symphonic, chamber, solo instrument, and vocal music as well as three operas, the best known of which is Historia von D. Johann Fausten.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Arnold Schoenberg, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
In some ways, Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) might be said to not only be part of the Modern period, but to define it. His theories of atonality and development of twelve-tone music, assigning equal value to the entire chromatic scale in all works, influenced others who followed him, including Webern and Berg. These three formed the core of what came to be called the Second Viennese School.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Franz Schreker, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Born in Monaco, Franz Schreker (1878-1934) spent much of his life in Berlin. It is said that growing Nazi influence created a nervous condition that led to his early death. Among his major works are the ballet Geburtstag der Infantin (The Birthday of the Infanta) and the operas Der Ferne Klang and Die Gezeichneten.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Franz Schubert, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Although Austrian Franz Peter Schubert (1797-1828) lived during the Classical period, in many respects he was the protypical Romantic composer. His output over his brief life is scarcely rivaled and he was able to excel in several genres. During much of his life, his hundreds of Lieder and song-cycles attracted the most attention, but he also wrote symphonies, theater music, and religious music. He also composed several operas, but they are seldom performed or remembered.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Thomas Schudel, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Thomas Schudel (1937-) was born in Defiance, Ohio, USA and moved to Canada in 1964, joining the faculty of the Department of Music, University of Regina, Saskatchewan. He became a Canadian citizen in 1974.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Gunther Schuller, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American Modern period composer, horn-player, educator, jazz-man, philosopher and, conductor Gunther Schuller (1925-) was born on the Day of St. Cecelia, the patron saint of music. His styles are varied, although jazz often plays an important role in his compositions.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of William Schuman, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
The career of American Modern period composer William Schuman (1910-1992) began in high school, where he also played violin and banjo in a jazz ensemble which he formed. He wrote in most musical genres, including ten symphonies. He won the first Pulitzer Prize in 1943 music for A Free Song, was instrumental in establishing the Julliard Quartet while president of that school, and became first president of the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in 1962.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Clara Wieck Schumann, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German Romantic period composer and pianist Clara Josephine Wieck (1819-1896) was pushed by a father who wanted her to be a great musician and child prodigy. She married composer Robert Schumann against her father's wishes and continued to edit his works and letters after his death. She championed Robert's music and that of their dear friend Johannes Brahms.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Robert Schumann, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German composer Robert Schumann (1810-1856) most fully entered the realm of the Romantic period in his piano compositions, while his symphonies more closely followed the dictates of the Classical era. His courtship of and marriage to Clara Wieck is a famous chapter in musical history, as are his later problems with mental illness, including an attempted suicide and final confinement in an asylum.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Gerard Schurmann, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Modern period composer Gerard Schurmann has an international background. He was born in the former Dutch East Indies to a Dutch father and a Hungarian mother. The music of the Indonesian gamelon and the pentatonic scale mixed with the music of his piano-playing mother. Much of his early life was spent in England, and he is also influenced by composer Alan Rawsthorne. In 1981, he moved to the United States.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Heinrich Schütz, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German Baroque composer Heinrich Schütz (1585-1672) produced a large volume of vocal music, most of it for the church. His compositions were largely based on Bible texts; very few were of a chorale form.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Joseph Schwantner, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American 20th century composer Joseph Schwantner (1943-) began his musical life as a rock guitarist. Since that time, he has produced a large body of band and orchestral music, often emphasizing percussion and guitar. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1979 for Aftertones of Infinity.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Elliott Schwartz, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Born in New York City in 1936, he took his undergraduate and graduate degrees at Columbia University. He is an internationally known composer of many styles and he has appeared as visiting composer/lecturer throughout the world.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of K. Lee Scott, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
K. Lee Scott (1950-) is a conductor, teacher, and a composer of choral music. He has also written an opera and works for solo voice, brass, and organ.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Alexander Scriabin, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Russian Modern period composer and pianist Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915) studied with Rachmaninov in Moscow. His intellectual and spiritual curiosity led him to Madame Blavasky and Theosophy, then to Indian mysticism, which often influenced his later compositions. His final intended work was to be a week-long multimedia extravaganza in India, but he died before it was even drafted and only the Acte Prealable was completed, this by others after his death.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Julian Scriabin, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Russian composer Julian Scriabin (1908-1919), son of Alexander, began composing around the time of his father's death and saw his own life end only a few years later.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Ruth Crawford Seeger, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
(1901-1953) She was a key member of the 1920s avant garde and her String Quartet 1931 was widely accepted as a masterpiece of the time. She was a key figure in the revival of American folk music and pioneered the use of American folk songs in children's music education.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Ludwig Senfl, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Swiss-born Renaissance composer Ludwig Senfl (1486?-1542/1543) began as a choir boy and music copyist. Among his works are Masses, motets, German secular songs (Lieder), and German sacred vocal works for the Lutheran church. Two of his motets were dedicated specifically to Martin Luther.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Claudin de Sermisy, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
French Renaissance composer Claudin de Sermisy (c. 1490-1562) crafted a number of religious and secular vocal pieces, including Masses, a Passion, chansons, and motets.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Roger Sessions, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American twentieth century composer Roger Huntington Sessions (1896-1985) wrote music of strong emotional content. Although neo-classical strains reappear, his later works were dominated by atonality. His first major work was The Black Maskers: Suite. His Violin Concerto was more chromatic while his Symphony No. 3 was built on the twelve note technique. He received many honors, including a special Pulitzer Prize for life's work and the Pulitzer for music in 1982 for his final composition, Concerto for Orchestra.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Marc Shaiman, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American composer Marc Shaiman (1959-) began his professional career by dropping out of high school, heading into New York City, and trying to get a job with Bette Midler. After this worked, he spent years working with her, as well as Carl Reiner, Billy Crystal, and others. Shaiman is most known as a film composer, with credits ranging from City Slickers to South Park: Bigger Longer & Uncut, from Ghosts of Mississippi to George of the Jungle.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Bright Sheng, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Chinese and American Post-modern era composer Bright Sheng (1955-), or Sheng Zong-Liang in Chinese, faced the tremendous obstacle of the Cultural Revolution in his path to becoming a musician and composer. Because of his birthplace and his travels, he readily incorporates various eastern and western musical forms into his own works.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Noam Sheriff, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Israeli Modern period composer and conductor Noam Sheriff (1935-) studied composing, conducting, and philosophy in Tel-Aviv, Berlin, Salzburg, and Jerusalem. His Festival Prelude was premiered by Leonard Bernstein in 1957, leading to world-wide commissions from orchestras and ensembles. He taught in Cologne, Salzburg, and Tel-Aviv and conducted around the world.
Submit only sites that focus upon Howard Shore and his music.
Contains sites about Howard Shore and the music he composes.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Dimitri Shostakovich, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Russian Dimitri Shostakovich (1906-1975) was a Soviet composer who continued in the Mahlerian tradition of late Romantic lyricism and acerbic irony. He is particularly known for his cycles of fifteen symphonies and string quartets.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Jean Sibelius, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Finnish Romantic composer Jean Sibelius (1865-1957) is for many people the very definition of his native land. This is fitting, since he was in the forefront of the nationalist movement in Finland, which took place as similar events did in Russian and elsewhere. German and Russian oppressors sought to ban the playing of his works to avoid inflaming patriotism. While he wrote a variety of works, including several symphonies, he may be most remembered for The Swan of Tuonela and his "love song" for his nation, Finlandia.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Roberto Sierra, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American Modern period composer Roberto Sierra (1953-) was born in Puerto Rico, studying there, in London, Utrecht, and Hamburg. In 1989, he bacame Composer-in-Residence of the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Alan Silvestri, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
New York born American composer Alan Silvestri (1950-) focuses on film work. He regularly scores Robert Zemeckis films, including Romancing the Stone, the Back to the Future trilogy, Forrest Gump, and Who Framed Roger Rabbit.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Christian Sinding, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Norwegian Romantic period composer Christian August Sinding (1856-1941), now known mainly for the popular piano piece Frühlingsrauschen (Rustle of Spring) was in his life second only to Grieg in popularity in his native land. Other works include operas, 4 symphonies, 3 violin concertos, piano concertos, chamber music, and songs.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Maddalena Lombardini Sirmen, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian Classical period composer and violinist Maddalena Laura Lombardini (1745-1818?) left one of the four Ospedali or orphanage schools of Venice by one of the two means possible: She married violinist and composer Ludivico Sirmen rather than becoming a nun or remaining forever attached to the school. A promising early career was perhaps shortened by her own decision to turn from composition to performance.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Bedrich Smetana, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Romantic composer Bedrich Smetana was born in 1824 in Litomysl, Bohemia, the son of a brewer. A child prodigy, he played the piano before the Austrian emperor in 1830. He took part in a failed uprising against Austrian rule. Later, he founded his own music school in Prague. He married pianist Katerina Kolárová. They moved to Sweden for a time, then back to Prague. Katerina died and he wed Bettina Ferdinandová. Soon after, he returned to Prague for good. His hearing began to fail him and he died in an asylum in 1884. His masterpiece is probably The Bartered Bride.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Soghomon Soghomonian, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of , including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Armenian composer Soghomon Soghomonian (1869-1935) took the pseudonym Komitas (or Gomidas), the name of a 7th century Armenian hymn writer. Not only a composer, Komitas was also a monk, an ethnomusicologist, and a champion of the Armenian people during the Turkish genocide that began in 1915. The horrors he saw damaged his spirit and he spent the last twenty years of his life in mental hospitals.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Padre Antonio Soler y Ramos, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Spanish (Catalan) early Classical period composer, keyboardist, and music theoritician Padre Antonio Francisco Javier José Soler Ramos (1729-1783) was a student of Domenico Scarlatti. His Llave de la modulación introduced principles of modulation that were novel for his time but became widely accepted. His abilities as organist and organ composer led to his being consulted in the construction of several new instruments.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Fernando Sor, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Spanish Classical period guitar virtuoso and composer José Fernando Macarurio Sor (1778-1839) was one of the early champions of what has come to be known as classical guitar. His works number upwards of 250, from guitar pieces for students and average talents to a full opera. Yet even more than his music, he may be remembered for his 1830 book on guitar technique, Méthode pour la guitare.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of John Philip Sousa, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American composer John Philip Sousa (1854-1932) lived most of his life during the Romantic period, a time that also saw increasing nationalism in the music of many countries. His Stars and Stripes Forever became the national march of the United States and his own life, as the son of a Spanish-born Portuguese-descended father and a Bavarian born mother, certainly championed the spirit of America. He was long-time conductor of the United States Marine Corps Band and then formed his own band, which often made extensive world tours.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Leo Sowerby, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Modern period American composer and organist Leo Sowerby (1895-1968) wrote in practically every musical genre save opera. He is most known, however, for his organ compositions and his sacred choir pieces. He was among the first organists to break with European tradition and produce works that were based on the American experience, just as Gershwin and other near contemporaries were doing in other areas of music. He won the 1946 Pulitzer Prize for his oratorio The Canticle of the Sun.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Louis Spohr, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German Classical period composer, violinist, conductor, teacher, and musical inventor and innovator Louis Spohr (1784-1859) once rivaled Beethoven in popularity and towered over many contemporaries also physically with his height of 6 feet, 7 inches. He was a nineteenth century version of a Renaissance man, with interests and abilities in various arts, sciences, and sports. Among his best known works are the opera Jessonda and the oratorio Die letzten Dinge (The Last Judgment). As a conductor, he supported and championed many, including some whose styles were vastly different from his own.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Lewis Spratlan, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American Post-modern composer and academic Lewis Spratlan (1940-) won the Rockefeller Award for his opera Life is a Dream and the Pulitzer Prize in 2000 for its second act. After teaching elsewhere, he joined the faculty of Amherst College in 1970.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Gerhard Stäbler, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Gerhard Stäbler (1949-) is a Post-modern German composer of stage, orchestral, chamber, choral, vocal, piano, and electroacoustic works. Several of his compositions prominently feature the accordian. He became part of the New Music movement of the latter 20th century.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Anton Stamitz, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German Classical period composer Johann Anton Stamitz (1750-?) is the least well-known of his family of composers. Like brother Carl, he first learned music from his father Johann. The last time he was heard of was in the service of the French king at Versailles in 1789.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Carl Stamitz, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German Classical period composer and violinist Carl Stamitz (1745-1801), son of Johann Stamitz and brother of Anton, received his early musical training from his father. He developed his violin technique at Mannheim, studying under the court musicians after Johann's early death. He later moved to Paris and spent several years composing and touring.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Johann Stamitz, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Bohemian composer and violinist Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz (1717-1757) was a pre-classical influence on the development of the symphony, especially in the area of dynamics, while conducting the orchestra of the court of Mannheim.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Alexei Stanchinsky, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Russian Modern period composer Alexei Stanchinsky (1888-1914) showed the promise of brilliance before mental illness led him to destroy early works and an early death kept him from perhaps reaching his full potential.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Charles Villiers Stanford, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Irish late Romantic composer Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (1852-1924) often gets lost among his contemporaries, such as Elgar, and his students, including Vaughn Williams and Holst. However, his music stands well on its own. His church music, particularly for organ, may be his most remembered body of work. He helped to introduce a new English style of composition based upon his uniting Celtic and Germanic musical influences.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of John Stanley, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
English late Baroque composer and organist John Stanley (1712-1786) became an accomplished musician despite a childhood accident that rendered him virtually blind. At age eleven he was made head organist of All Hallows Church, London. He became known to Handel, who came to his later position at Temple Church to hear him. He directed many compositions by others by commiting the music to memory. Many of his compositions were lost following his death.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Max Steiner, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Austrian-born Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner (1888-1971) is among the foremost movie composers. Some would even label him the "Dean of Film Music Composers." He studied in Vienna under Groedner, Fuchs, and Mahler, completing the Imperial Academy of Music's four year course in one year. He began work in England in 1906 but left in 1914 due to tensions from the impending war in Europe. Fifteen years were spent on Broadway, composing and conducting shows by George Gershwin, Victor Herbert, Jerome Kern, and others. In 1929 he moved to Hollywood, scoring over 300 films over the next forty-plus years.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Bernard Stevens, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
British Modern period composer Bernard Stevens (1916-1983) was almost as well known for his political beliefs as for his musical ability. He joined the Communist Party in 1943 but resigned in 1956, protesting the Stalinist atrocities, including the Soviet invasion of Hungary. However, he remained a dedicated Marxist. He wrote in a number of genres, including various works for piano. His Symphony of Liberation celebrating the end of World War II won him a prize in a newspaper-sponsored contest.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Ronald Stevenson, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Scottish Modern period composer and pianist Ronald Stevenson (1928-) wrote for a variety of instruments, including much for piano. Of special note is his Passacgalia on DSCH, written in honor of Dmitri Shostakovich.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of William Grant Still, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American Modern period composer and violinist William Grant Still (1895-1978) was led into a musical life in part due to his step-father's influence. His college career was interrupted by his work as an arranger for W. C. Handy, but he later received degrees from Wilberforce University and Oberlin Conservatory of Music and was honored by several other schools, including Howard University and Pepperdine University. Among his noted works are Afro-American Symphony and several operas, including Troubled Island.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Karlheinz Stockhausen, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German Modern period composer Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-) studies in Cologne and saw his first compositions debut in 1950. Much of his music began with strict serialism, but his later works saw him withdraw from this absolute.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
German composer Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel (1690-1749) may be best known for a work which he may or may not have actually written, Bist du bei mir, which is often credited to J. S. Bach and sometimes to Handel.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Alessandro Stradella, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian baroque composer Alessandro Stradella (1639?-1682) received almost as much acclaim for his womanizing as for his music. He contributed to the origin of the concerto grosso, wrote operas and other secular vocal works as well as religious compositions.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Oscar Straus, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Austrian late Romantic composer Oscar Straus (1870-1964) saw his greatest fame in his operettas, including A Waltz Dream and The Chocolate Soldier.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Eduard Strauss, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Austrian late Romantic period conductor and composer Eduard Strauss (1835-1916) was the last of the three sons of Johann Strauss, Sr. to become a musician. His first plan was to become a diplomat. Never the writer of music that his father and elder brothers were, he was a gifted interpreter of their music and that of Wagner and others. He spent many years leading tours of the Strauss Orchestra.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Johann Strauss, Jr., including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Austrian Romantic period composer and conductor Johann Strauss, Jr. (1825-1899) was discouraged by his father from entering a musical career. His mother encouraged him and he secretly took violin lessons, eventually becoming better known than Johann, Sr. He finally earned the title of Waltz King because of the number and quality of his compositions and because of the tours he made promoting his dance music with his own orchestra. His waltz The Blue Danube is his best known work and of his operettas, Die Fledermaus shines both musically and in its libretto.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Johann Strauss, Sr., including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Patriarch of a family of composers, Johann Strauss, Sr. (1804-1849) became an international star while touring with his dance orchestra. The Austrian Emperor named him "Director of Music for the Imperial-Royal Court Balls." His most noted compositions are the waltz Loreley-Rhein-Klänge and the Radetzky-Marsc, which honored the commander of the Austrian army.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Josef Strauss, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Austrian Romantic composer and conductor Josef Strauss (1827-1870) was the second son of Johann Strauss, Sr. to embark upon a musical career. Brother Johann called him "the more gifted of us two." Like his brothers, he first trained for another field; his first specialty was mechanical engineering. His most noted compositions are Village Swallows from Austria and Music of the Spheres, as well as the Pizzicato Polka, which he co-wrote with Johann, Jr.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Richard Strauss, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Romantic opera composer Richard Georg Strauss was born in Bavaria in 1864. He died in Germany in 1949. Among his works, including several operas, he also composed the Olympic hymn for the 1936 Games in Berlin. His mention can bring controversy among musicologists and historians alike. His abilities are still debated and categorization between Romantic and Modern periods is open to interpretation. Although he had a friendly working relationship with Jewish composer Zweig, some accused him of contributing too much to the Nazi cause through his music. Despite his name Richard Strauss is not related to the Vienna Strauss family.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Igor Stravinski, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Russian Modern period composer Igor Stravinski (1882-1971) was already making a name for himself when Serge Diaghilev brought him into partnership with the newly formed Ballet Russe with people such as Nijinski and choreographer Mikhail Fokine. From this alliance came the masterpieces Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring. He moved to Switzerland during World War I and came to the United States as the Second World War dawned. With a late influence from Webern, he began to work in 12-tone music, which begat Agon.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Billy Strayhorn, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Modern period American composer Billy Strayhorn (1915-1967) began his association with Duke Ellington in 1938 with Lush Life. Their association lasted until Strayhorn's death. Alone or with Ellington, his compositions include Take the A Train, Chelsea Bridge, Passion Flower, and Johnny Come Lately.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Leslie Stuck, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Composer of electronic music for ballet.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Steven Stucky, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Born in 1949 in Hutchinson, Kansas, Stucky teaches at Cornell University. He has been commissioned to compose music by major orchestras and ensembles throughout the world.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Morton Subotnick, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Twentieth century American composer Morton Subotnick (1933-) was a pioneer in electronic composition. He came to fame with the first direct recording of a synthesizer piece to LP with the 1967 work Silver Apples of the Moon. He also produced instrumental and hybrid compositions and developed a web site dedicated to teaching elements of music and composition through interactive games.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Josef Suk, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Czech composer and violinist Josef Suk (1874-1935) straddled the Romantic and Modern periods. He was Dvorák's son-in-law. His most noted compositions are orchestral works.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Arthur Sullivan, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Although he composed a significant body of "serious" classical music, English Romantic period composer Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan (1842-1900) is most known for his music in a series of operettas produced in collaboration with Sir William Schwenck Gilbert. Sullivan also wrote hymns, ballads, an opera, art and popular songs, and other works.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Franz von Suppé, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
The Austrian Romantic period composer Franz von Suppé (1819-1895) was born in Spalato (Split), Dalmatia to a Belgian-Italian father and a Viennese mother of Czech and Polish ancestry and his birth certificate read Francesco Ezechiele Ermenegildo Cavaliere Suppé Demelli. The creator of many stage works, he is now most remembered for his overtures.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Johann Svendsen, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Norwegian born Romantic period composer, conductor, and violinist Johann Severin Svendsen (1840-1911) spent much of his adult life abroad, studying in Leipzig and living for almost 30 years in Denmark. As both composer and conductor, he used the entire orchestra to great advantage, rarely focusing on individual instruments for extended periods. Noted compositions include Carnaval á Paris and 4 Norwegian Rhapsodies.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Dutch Renaissance composer, organist, and teacher Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (1562-1621) is sometimes better known for his students than for his own compositions and playing ability. While it appears that he never left the Netherlands, he is sometimes called "the Father of German organists" because of the influence he had on artists such as Praetorius and Hasse. His work helped to begin the Baroque period in music and he may have been creator of some of the earliest organ fugues.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Karol Szymanowski, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Although he was born in the Ukraine in 1882 and died in Switzerland in 1937, Modern period composer Karol Maciej Szymanowski was nevertheless a thoroughly Polish composer by family and by sentiment. He toured with friends Pawel Kochanski and Artur Rubinstein. Two noted works are the opera King Roger and the ballet Harnasie.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Bent Sørensen, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Danish Post-modern composer Bent Sørensen (1958-) moved steadily from an early folklore-based music to later compositions that became more dynamic and polyphonic.
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