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Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Sergei Rachmaninov, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Romantic composer Sergei Rachmaninov ("Sergey" and "Rachmaninoff" are common variant spellings) was born in Novgorod, Russian in 1873. The Russian Revolution led him to leave Russia and he settled in the United States. Rachmaninoff determined to become a superior pianist, thus supporting his family, which had lost all its possessions during the flight from Communism. He died in Los Angeles in 1943.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Joachim Raff, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Romantic composer Joachim Raff (1822-1900) was born in Zurich, Switzerland but lived and worked most of his life in Germany. He wrote a variety of instrumental and vocal music, but his fame declined and only his Cavatina is widely remembered.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of GS Rajan, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Indian composer and flutist GS Rajan was born in Calicut, Kerala, India in 1962. A champion of the classic Indian bamboo flute, he also teaches, writes newspaper articles, and promotes his native music within and without the country.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Jean-Philippe Rameau, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683-1764) was born in Dijon, France and died in Paris. After making his reputation as a musical theorist, Rameau desired the fame of a composer, especially one of operas. Before this, he composed a well-received body of keyboard music and cantatas. His operatic debut came at age fifty with Hippolyte et Aricie. While at the time it was not so appreciated, Castor et Pollux may be his finest opera. Indeed, his operatic corpus contributed to the development of the genre, especially tragédie lyrique.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Shulamit Ran, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Israeli Shulamit Ran (1949-) confessed to being composer, teacher, wife, mother, and chocolate lover. Yet she also won a Pulitzer Prize and a Kennedy Center Friedheim Award for her Symphony. She has written in a number of genres, including opera.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Bernard Rands, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
He was born in 1934 in Sheffield, England and emigrated to the United States in 1975. At Harvard University he is the Walter Bigelow Rosen Professor of Music. From 1989 to 1996 he was Composer-in-Residence with the Philadelphia Orchestra. Winner of many awards, he was the 1984 winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Canti del Sole.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Karl Aage Rasmussen, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Danish composer Karl Aage Rasmussen was born in 1947.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Maurice Ravel, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Maurice Ravel was born in the Basque region of France in 1875. His father was Swiss by birth and won a prize for piano playing as a youth. Later he settled on a mechanical career. This might explain why some of his music seems to be inspired by the delight he found in clockworks and mechanical toys. Also as the son of a Swiss engineer, his musical craftsmanship was always superb. Ravel died in 1937. He composed a large body of work, also providing orchestrations for previous pieces. Of all his compositions, Bolero is doubtless the one best known.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Thomas Ravenscroft, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
English composer Thomas Ravenscroft (c.1590 - c.1633) taught music at Christ's Hospital in 1618-22, and in 1621 published a collection of Psalms composed by himself and others entitled The whole Booke of Psalmes with the Hymnes Evangelicall and Songs Spirituall. He also collected popular songs of his day into three books, Pammelia, Deuteromalia, and Melismata, which have survived longer than any similar collections.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Gardner Read, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Composer and conductor Gardner Read (1913-) is important both for his own work and for his influence on others as teacher and theorist. Several of his books became classics in musical scholarship. Read wrote for orchestra, chamber ensemble, organ, piano, and solo and choral voices.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Max Reger, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Max Reger (1873-1916) composed more music for the organ than any German since J. S. Bach. While their styles were considerably different, an important similarity was their belief in absolute music. Like Bach, Reger also worked a significant amount of counterpoint into his compositions.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Steve Reich, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
A minimalist composer of percussion music, Steve Reich was born in New York 1936 and raised there and in California.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Carl Reinecke, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke (1824-1910) was born in Altona, which was then part of Denmark. His compositional career was mainly in Germany. While he composed some 300 pieces, his name has faded and he may be better known for championing Mozart and Beethoven and for the books he wrote about them. He was a teacher of Isaac Albeniz, Leos Janácek, Christian Sinding, Frederick Delius, Max Bruch, Edvard Grieg, and others and a close friend of Niels Wilhelm Gade. He knew and associated with many of the Romantic Period's brightest stars, playing their music as well as his own. A book he wrote in 1900 involved recollections of many of these: Liszt, Ernst, Schumann, Jenny Lind, Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient, Ferdinand Thieriot, Brahms and Mendelssohn. He died in Leipzig, working until the end of his days.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Ottorino Respighi, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian composer Ottorino Respighi (1879-1936) bridged the Romantic and early Modern periods. He began violin lessons when only eight and was an excellent viola player by twenty. He began serious work as a composer by age twenty-one, writing instrumental pieces and operas. The Roman trilogy of Fontane di Roma (Fountains of Rome), Pini di Roma (Pines of Rome), and Feste Romane (Roman Festivals) are his most famous works, the last of which marks him as one conversant in the dissonances, effects and orchestrations of the post-Romantic years.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Silvestre Revueltas, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Silvestre Revueltas (1899-1940) helped to change the face of music in the Western Hemisphere, particularly in his native Mexico. Freeing himself from European convention, he also approached his own country's folk music in novel ways, often taking it apart and reassembling it. His birth on the last day of the 1800s may have foretold the changes he would bring. Yet there is also the tragedy of early death due to alcoholism. Still, in the short time he lived, Revueltas produced an exciting and often exotic body of work, from the ballet La Coronela to his film score La noche de los Mayas, which one critic said, "Sounds like Stravinsky's Rite of Spring on mescal."
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Roger Reynolds, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Born in 1934 in Detroit, Michigan, this composer has degrees in both engineering physics and music composition from the University of Michigan. He teaches at the University of California San Diego. Whispers Out of Time won him the 1989 Pulitzer Prize.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Terry Riley, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American composer Terry Riley (1935-) studied composition at San Francisco State College with Robert Erikson and attended graduate school at the University of California at Berkeley. There he met and connected with fellow composition student La Monte Young, whom some argue is the true "Father of Minimalism." His In C was a landmark of Minimalist composition.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) was born in a provincial town called Tikhvin, 200 km from St. Petersburg, Russia. He almost missed becoming a composer as his family encouraged and compelled him into studying for a naval career. Part of his training was a two year journey around the world, a trip which opened him to new vistas that would later color his music. Even after the successful debut of his first symphony (under the direction of friend and mentor Mily Balakirev) Rimsky-Korsakov continued his service, leaving the Russian Navy only after eight years content that he could support himself with his music.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Johan Christian Heinrich Rink, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
(1770-1846). Born the same year as Beethoven, he was a very prolific composer, particularly of organ music, who unified elements of the baroque polyphony, the classical period and early Romanticism in his individual style.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of George Rochberg, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
American composer (1918- ) George Rochberg, an ardent atonalist in the 40s, 50s, and 60s made a dramatic and influential turn toward tonality with his third string quartet in 1971.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Joaquín Rodrigo, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Spanish composer Joaquín Rodrigo was born in Valencia in 1901 on the Feast Day of St Cecila, patron saint of music. The youngest of ten children, he was blinded by diphtheria at age three and learned to play the piano and violin with the help of Braille. By 1924, his orchestral work was being performed in Valencia and Madrid. He moved to Paris soon after, mixing with other composers including Ravel, Milhaud and de Falla. It was in Paris that he met his wife and lifetime partner, Turkish pianist Victoria Kamhi. They married in 1933. In 1939, shortly before moving back to Spain, Rodrigo composed the Concierto de Aranjuez for guitar. It became one of the 20th century's best-known pieces of classical music. Named after a town southeast of Madrid, it was first performed in Barcelona in 1940. Concert-goers loved its flamenco-influenced melodies. Jazz legend Miles Davis recorded a version in his Sketches of Spain, giving the piece and Rodrigo a new and appreciative audience. Rodrigo died in 1999.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Johan Helmich Roman, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Johan Helmich Roman (1694-1758) was a central figure in Sweden's musical life during the post-Thirty Years War era of peace. He is regarded as one of the finest composers in the nation's history. He studied in England, then journeyed through England, France, Italy and Germany, gaining a rich knowledge of musical trends elsewhere. Thus, he could introduce Handel to Swedish audiences while also producing his own occasionl music, sacred choral works, sacred and secular songs, and works for instrumental ensembles.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Florimond Ronger Hervé, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
(1825-1892) His real name was Florimond Ronger and he was always known by the nickname "Le Compositeur Tocqué" ("The Crazy Composer"). He was organist to a lunatic asylum in Paris called the Bicêtre Hospital where he organized performances of small musical plays which he wrote himself. In the hands of Offenbach the genre of the opérette, which Halevé had invented, became very popular.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of George Frederick Root, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
(1820-1895) Aka G. Friedrich Wurzel (root in German). Best known as a composer of Civil War songs such as The Battle Cry of Freedom and Tramp! Tramp! Tramp!.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Joseph Guy Ropartz, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
French Romantic era composer and conductor Joseph Guy Marie Ropartz (1864-1965) studied under Franck and wrote five symphonies and much choral music, including his 1938 Requiem.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Ned Rorem, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
(1923- ), Richmond, Indiana. He studied composition at Juilliard with Bernard Wagenaar. An author as well as a composer, he has won many commissions and awards including the 1976 Pulitzer Prize in music for Air Music.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Hilding Rosenberg, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Hilding Rosenberg (1892-1985) may have been the first great modernist composer in Sweden. While early works carry a trace of the Romantic period, his mature compositions not only are fully in the Twentieth Century but are assuredly in his own voice. He wrote a variety of works, including operas, ballets, sonatas, and symphonies. Of these latter, two choral symphonies express religious, Biblical themes common to many of his other compositions. These are No. 4, The Revelation of St. John and No. 5 Örtagårdsmästaren.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Manuel Rosenthal, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
(1904- ) French composer and conductor, friend and student of Maurice Ravel.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Niels Rosing-Show, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Danish composer Niels Rosing-Schow (1954-) studied musicology at the University of Copenhagen from 1972 to 1979. In 1984 he passed the diploma examination in music history and music theory at the Royal Danish Academy of Music in Copenhagen, where he now teaches theory classes and composition. From 1984 to 1987 he studied composition with Ib Nørholm, and afterwards in France in 1987. A marked sense of lyrical expression has always been a characteristic of Niels Rosing-Schow, but in the later years he has combined this with an experimental exploration of the more dramatic and expansive possibilities of his musical material.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Frederic Rossille, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Frederic Rossille (1955-) was born in Valence, France. His early compositions focused on pop music and electroacoustic pieces. He later became enamoured of Asian music and it became the focus of his creativity.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Gioacchino Rossini, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Italian Romantic period opera composer Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (1792-1868) was born on Leap Day and claimed that helped to make him somewhat a joyful rogue and rake. His zest for life spilled out in many of his compositions, which are still among the favorites in the operatic repertoire. Operas include Guillaume Tell (William Tell) and Il Barbiere de Siviglia (The Barber of Seville). His church music includes the Petite Messe solennelle. In later life, he returned to writing chamber music, as he had in his youth. Here he is remembered most for Péchés de vieillesse (Sins of Old Age).
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Christopher Rouse, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Born in 1949 in Baltimore, Maryland, he attended Oberlin Conservatory and Cornell University where he studied with Karel Husa. He also studied with George Crumb in Philadelphia. Among his many awards is the 1993 Pulitzer Prize for Trombone Concerto.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Albert Charles Paul Marie Roussel, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
French composer Albert Charles Paul Marie Roussel (1869-1937) was orphaned at age seven. He lived with his grandfather until eleven, when he, too, died. From then until adulthood he lived with a maternal aunt and her husband. Perhaps this chaos is why Roussel sought order for the rest of his life, including the military discipline of the French Navy. During his career he wrote one opera and a variety of other vocal and instrumental works.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Miklós Rózsa, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Miklós Rózsa (1907-1995) was born in Budapest, Hungary. He began studying violin at age five. After studying in Leipzig, he worked for a while in Paris and then London. Rózsa moved to California in 1940 and naturalized in 1946. His music set the mood in many a film noir and he gave the world the "dum dum dum dum" introduction to the TV show Dragnet. He was often credited in movies and television shows without accent marks as Miklos Rozsa.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Edmund Rubbra, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
(1901-1986) Rubbra's music seems to be quite conservative, lyric and straightforward, but demands full attention and doesn't make good "easy listening" because the continuity of melodic and polyphonic growth is logical and unremitting, the orchestration sometimes persistently thick.
Dr. Anna Rubin became known as a composer of choral, chamber, electro-acoustic and orchestral music.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Poul Ruders, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Danish composer Poul Ruders (1949-) studied organ as a youth. He taught himself most of his compositional skills. As a young composer, Ruders often reached into the past, trying to find new ways of expressing older musical ideas. Even though he does this less often as a mature composer, he still works to express something of a lost past with the music of the present. His works run the gamut from instrumental through opera.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Carl Ruggles, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Born Charles Sprague Ruggles in 1876 in East Marion, Massachusetts, he later changed to what he considered a more Teutonic-sounding name, Carl Ruggles. From his New England home he moved to Winona, Minnesota, where he founded a symphony, composed, and painted for ten years. Ruggles then moved to New York, associating with Ives, Varèse, Cowell, Slonimsky, and Seeger. Here he truly began his works and here many received their debut performances. He taught composition at the University of Miami (1938-43), then returned to New England, settling in a converted Vermont schoolhouse. Ruggles died in Bennington, Vermont in 1971.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Mario Ruiz Armengol, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Mexican composer, arranger, conductor, and musician Mario Ruiz Armengol (1914-) began his musical journey by learning the piano at age 8. Such jazz greats as Duke Ellington, Billy Mays and Claire Fisher voted him "Mr. Harmony" in 1954. Among his noted compositions are piano pieces such as the Cuban Dances and the Music of Camera for Piano and Violin, Violonchelo, Harp and Flute.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of George Russell, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
George Russell (1923- ) influential jazz composer and theorist.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of John Rutter, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Born in 1945 in London, England is best known as a composer of choral works and a choral conductor.
Please submit sites dealing with the life or music of Frederic Rzewski, including biographies, discographies, analyses of compositions, or bibliographies.
Born in 1938 in Westfield, Massachusetts, he is especially well known for his involvement with Musica Electronica Viva in Rome in the 60s. Among those with whom he studied were Walter Piston, Roger Sessions, Milton Babbitt and Luigi Dallapiccola. Perhaps his best known work is the piano piece "The People United Will Never Be Defeated."
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Last update: Tuesday, January 2, 2007 9:28:41 PM EST - edit