Collection of sites about time periods and movements.
Before submitting any sites to this category, please take the time to browse through the subcategories to make sure your site is included in the appropriate category.
- Sites about specific artists should be submitted to the Art_History/Artists category.
- We do not accept sites whose primary focus is to sell art works, or related merchandise. Such sites should be submitted appropriately to Shopping/Visual_Arts and its subcategories.
- If your site is not in English, please submit it to the proper category in World/.
This category lists sites and pages devoted to the art of the Ancient world, from the dawn of civilization to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 CE (including the "Antique" or "Classical" periods of Europe). The art of ancient Rome, Egypt, Greece and Macedonia (including Minos and Mycenae), Mesopotamia (including Sumeria, Babylonia, and Assyria), and Persia (including Media, Pathia, and Sassania) are included here.
The Arts and Crafts movement began in England during the second half of the nineteenth century. It was a reaction to industrialization and mass-production, and as such it emphasized hand made items and craftsmanship. The most famous name of this first phase of the Arts and Crafts era is William Morris. Another well-known name is Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
As the Arts and Crafts influence spread to America, much of the style was simplified until it became what is often known as the Craftsman style, after Gustav Stickley's Craftsman magazine. "Mission" is another name for this style, though "Mission" is often confused with Southwest style, so "Craftsman" may be a clearer term to use.
Frank Lloyd Wright's early works were certainly in the realm of Arts & Crafts style, and his later work can easily be seen as a continuation of A&C ideas.
In about 1900-1920, the Craftsman style was very popular in the US, especially in Western cities like Seattle, Portland, and Los Angeles that were being built up at that time. The stereotypical Craftsman house, the bungalow, is commonplace in the old neighborhoods of these cities.
The Craftsman/Mission/Arts and Crafts style has had a strong comeback in the 1990s. Many people are buying old bungalows and restoring them, filling them with Stickley furniture or modern reproductions thereof.
The Arts and Crafts movement overlapped quite a bit with the Art Nouveau movement and the Pre-Raphaelites, so you may want to check those categories for information about this era.
Please submit only sites that relate to the turn-of-the-century Arts and Crafts Movement. Sites about specific artists should be listed under Arts:Art History:Artists. Sites about specific architects should be listed under Arts:Architecture:Architectural History:Architects. This is not a category for commercial sites like galleries or auctions.
Style of architecture and art originating in Italy in the early 17th century and variously prevalent in Europe and the New World for a century and a half, characterized by free and sculptural use of the classical orders and ornament, by forms in elevation and plan suggesting movement, and by dramatic effect in which architecture, painting, sculpture, and the decorative arts often worked to combined effect.
School of art and architecture in Germany. The Bauhaus revolutionized art training by combining the teaching of the pure arts with the study of crafts.
The Bloomsbury Group or Bloomsbury Set or just "Bloomsbury", as its adherents would generally refer to it, was an English group of artists and scholars that existed from around 1905 until around World War II.
The opinions and beliefs of the Bloomsbury Group remained controversial and widely criticized throughout World War II, but have since then gradually entered the mainstream. Contemporary criticism mostly focuses on the subtle elitism of their writings.
(1907-1914) Art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris.
Dutch nonfigurative art movement (1917-1931), also called neoplasticism. They advocated purifying art, eliminating subject matter in favor of abstract elements and primary colors.
Projects, Installations and Works of Art by Contemporary artists who use the earth and natural materials.
Please submit sites that deal with earthworks art and artists from 1960 and after.
Name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy. Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905-1908), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold distortion of forms and exuberant color.
Impressionism, a major movement, first in painting and later in music, that developed chiefly in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Impressionist painting comprises the work produced between about 1867 and 1886 by a group of artists who shared a set of related approaches and techniques. The most conspicuous characteristic of Impressionism was an attempt to accurately and objectively record visual reality in terms of transient effects of light and colour.
Please submit only art history sites relating to the Impressionism movement. Sites about individual artists should be submitted to the category for that artist. This is not a category for commercial sites like galleries or auctions.
A style in art and architecture (c.1520-1600), originating in Italy as a reaction against the equilibrium of form and proportions characteristic of the High Renaissance.
Modernism is a general term applied retrospectively to the wide range of experimental and avant-garde trends in the early 20th century.
Please submit only art history sites relating to Modernism in general. Sites about individual artists or distinct movements connected with Modernism should be submitted to the category for that artist or movement. This is not a category for commercial sites like galleries or auctions.
Orientalism is a Western cultural movement climaxing in the
nineteenth century but with origins in the ancient and medieval worlds, and with a continuing influence today.
Much of Orientalist art depicts idealised or even fictional versions of the
East (ie Asia and North Africa) although it is based on real observations of these cultures. Orientalism is especially well represented in nineteenth century painting, but is also
an important thread in sculpture, literature, dramatic arts
and even travel writing.
Movement that first emerged in Great Britain at the end of the 1950s as a reaction against the seriousness of abstract expressionism. British and American pop artists employed a common imagery found in comic strips, soup cans, and Coke bottles to express formal abstract relationships. By this means they provided a meeting ground where artist and layman could come to terms with art.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was formed at the end of 1848 in London. The prime movers were three young artists - John Everett Millais, William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rosetti. They recruited painters James Collinson and Frederic George Stephens, sculptor Thomas Woolner and Rosetti's brother William.
They chose the name to protest against the principles that had dominated European art since the time of Raphael, master of Italian renaissance. Their aim was to paint 'directly from nature', conveying also a spiritual or moral message.
Around 1860 the second phase included William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones, who began producing pictures on chivalric and mythical themes.
Please submit only art historical sites relating to the founding members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and their followers. Sites about individual artists should be submitted to the category for that artist.
This is not a category for commercial sites like galleries or auctions.
Style in architecture, especially in interiors and the decorative arts, which originated in France and was widely used in Europe in the 18th century. The term may be derived from the French words rocaille and coquille (rock and shell), natural forms prominent in the Italian baroque decorations of interiors and gardens.
Stuckism is an internationl art movement that was founded in 1999 in Britain by Billy Childish and Charles Thomson to promote figurative painting in opposition to conceptual art.
The group places great importance on the value of painting as a medium, as well as the use of it for communication and the expression of emotion and experience - as opposed to what they see as the superficial novelty, nihilism and irony of conceptual art and postmodernism.
The most contentious statement in their manifesto is: "Artists who don't paint aren't artists".
Literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention. The movement was founded (1924) in Paris by André Breton, with his Manifeste du surréalisme, but its ancestry is traced to the French poets Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Apollinaire, and to the Italian painter, Giorgio de Chirico.