A movement to revive handicrafts and reform architecture by using traditional building crafts and local materials, in reaction to the Industrial Revolution. It began in England c.1850 and spread to the US by the 1870s. In England it declined after 1900, but became influential in Europe.
The Jazz Age style concurrent with International Modern in the 1920s and 1930s, and characterized by streamlining architectural motifs.
A movement away from imitation of the past starting c.1890, and characterized by undulation, natural or abstract forms.
The predominant style of Western European architecture in the 17th century and early 18th century, found also in former European colonies. It is characterized by exuberant decoration, curvaceous forms and spatially complex compositions.
The style which developed in the Eastern Roman Empire (330-1453) in which Classical precepts were no longer strictly observed and new influences from the East were integrated. Its greatest monuments are its basilican and cross-in-square plan churches.
A highly decorated style named after the Churriguera family of Spanish architects, which migrated to Spanish colonies in the Americas.
Descriptions, discussion and images (including virtual reconstructions) of the architecture of Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, which developed its classical form from the 6th century BC. Classical architecture is characterized by concern with proportion and adherence to accepted modes: the Doric, Tuscan, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite Orders.
For later revivals of the style see: Renaissance, Neo-Classical and Greek Revival.
The architecture of the earliest Christian structures, from 200 - c.500 AD. For later developments see Byzantine.
The architectural style of Ancient Egypt, including its revivals in modern times.
The architecture of the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress, which came together to form the fully Gothic style in mid-12th-century France. It spread throughout Europe where it developed local forms.
Also known as the International Style, it was created in the early 20th century in Europe and America and is characterized by asymmetrical compositions, cubic shapes, lack of decoration and the use of metal and glass.
In the 8th and 9th centuries a specifically Islamic style developed, which spread across the Middle East, India, North Africa and Spain with the Muslim conquests. Characteristic features are the horse-shoe arch, domes, and rich surface decoration especially calligraphy and geometrical patterns using glazed tiles or mosaic.
An English concept defined in the late 18th century as interesting asymmetrical forms and variety of texture in architecture.
This ornate architectural style was popular in Spain and its American colonies during the 16th century. It made lavish use of ornamental motifs - Gothic, Renaissance and even Moorish - unrelated to the building to which they were applied.
The Italian Renaissance ('rinascimento' means rebirth) from c.1420 to the mid-16th century rediscovered and re-used the architectural standards and motifs of Ancient Rome. Gradually these ideas spread to other European countries, but often in a fragmentary or modified form until the later revival known as Neo-Classicism.
The last phase of the Baroque, in which it became lighter in colour and weight. Rococo chiefly refers to a type of 18th-century decoration derived from sinuous natural forms. Chinese motifs may be playfully used.
The style of building in Western Europe, using the round arch derived from Roman architecture, that began in the 7th century under Charlemagne. (This early phase is also known as Carolingian.) It continued until supplanted by Gothic in the 12th century. It was revived in the 19th century.
The name given in the 19th century to the architecture of the castellated mansions of Renaissance Scotland. The style was revived c.1830 by William Burn (1789-1870), whose pupil David Bryce (1803-76) became its most celebrated exponent. Although the style is found mainly in Scotland, there are examples in North America.
The styles prevalent in Britain and parts of the British Empire during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). The term is also use for architecture of the same period in the United States of America.