The exercise of independent judgement on legal or theological questions.
The Development of Ijtihad and Islamic Reform, 1750-1850
An academic paper (by Knut S Vikør, University of Bergen) analyses the use of the concept by reforming thinkers in the 19th century.
An article from Wikipedia.
The Principle of Ijtihad in Islam
An account of the concept from a Shia perspective.
Last update:January 2, 2007 at 16:38:41 UTC