The impact of Napoleon's invasion of Egypt, encroaching European colonial powers, and the rapid decline of the Ottoman Caliphate prompted deep soul-searching among many Muslim thinkers. A major thread in this ferment was an idea of returning to the roots of Muslim faith, to rediscover the vitality and strength to withstand the external pressures.
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Africa and Islamic Revival
An article on the history of Islam and the impact of revival movements in Africa, by John Hunwick.
Great Muslims of the 20th Century
Biographies of six Muslim thinkers prominent in the Islamic reawakening of the twentieth century.
Islam and Modernism
An online book by Abdus Sattar Ghazali; examines movements of regeneration and/or revival in the Muslim world from the 18th to the 20th centuries; includes an appendix on "Islam and Politics in Pakistan".
Islamic Revivalism and the Nation-State Project
Traces the development of Islamic revival movements in 20th century Turkey; a paper by Yildiz Atasoy (1996).
An account of the history and role of the Saudi kingdoms, and the religious-political alliance based on the teachings of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, a Muslim religious reformer.
Last update:September 9, 2007 at 15:52:48 UTC