The earliest Muslim sect. They were alienated by Ali's acceptance of arbitration with Mu'awiyah in 659 CE after the death of Uthman, the third Caliph; murdered Ali, the fourth Caliph; and remained a thorn in the side of the caliphate until the Abbasid period. Their rigourous puritanism later inspired the al-Moravids and al-Mohads in north Africa, and also influence modern Islamist groups. They survive today as the Ibadhi group in Oman and the Maghreb. This is NOT the place for theological discussions.
Article on Wikipedia offers an overview of their origins, theology, influence in Basra in the years 690-730, and modern descendants.
A Short History of Al-Ibadhiyah
The history of a group with its origins in the Kharijite movement, now the state religion in Oman, with minorities in Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and on the east coast of Africa.
Last update:January 2, 2007 at 16:38:38 UTC