Bernard, the founding abbot of Clairvaux Abbey in Burgundy, was a notable Church leader in the first half of the twelfth century and one of the greatest spiritual masters of all times. He was instrumental in propagating the Cistercian reform. He died at Clairvaux on 20 August 1153 and was canonized by Pope Alexander III on 18 January 1174. Pope Pius VII declared him a Doctor of the Church in 1830.
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Bernard of Clairvaux, Abbot, Theologian, and Poet
Biographical sketch. With prayer in traditional and contemporary language.
Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Bernard of Clairvaux
Article on the life and works of this twelfth-century Cistercian and Doctor of the Church.
Catholic Information Network: St. Bernard of Clairvaux
Biography of the last of the Fathers.
Catholic Online: St. Bernard of Clairvaux
CatholicSaints.Info: Bernard of Clairvaux
Encyclical of Pope Pius XII on St. Bernard of Clairvaux, the last of the Fathers. Promulgated 24 May, 1953.
New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge: Bernard of Clairvaux
In-depth article on St. Bernard's life and writings. Includes bibliography.
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux
Biographical entry in the Modern Catholic Encyclopedia, by M. Basil Pennington.
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Abbot, Doctor of the Church
Excerpts of a pious hagiography, taken from the book "Lives of Saints," published by John J. Crawley.
Last update:September 26, 2015 at 14:24:08 UTC