The Papal States were a changing collection of small states in Italy centered on Rome that were under the personal rule of the Pope.

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Antonelli, Cardinal Giacomo
The last of the lay cardinals. Papal secretary of state during the revolutionary upheaval of 1848 and the reaction which followed.
The Opening of the Roman Inquisition's Central Archive
Article on the opening from an historian's perspective.
Papal States
A history of the Papal states before the 1848 revolution and how the events of 1848 affected the states. From the 1848 Encyclopedia.
Papal States: Exiles and Political Prisoners
An account of the composition of the political prisoners and exiles who were pardoned in 1846.
Last update:
August 20, 2011 at 19:16:38 UTC
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