Society Religion and Spirituality Christianity Church History Early Christian Writings Ecumenical Councils
Although many of the later Councils of the Catholic church are not recognised by other churches, the first six are recognised by Anglicans as being authoritative and the first seven are recognised by the Orthodox church as being authoritative. These councils are:
- Nicaea I (325)
- Constantinople I (381)
- Ephesus (431)
- Chalcedon (451)
- Constantinople II (553)
- Constantinople III (680-681)
- Nicaea II (787)
Chalcedon, Council of
The Fourth Ecumenical Council, held in 451, from 8 October until 1 November inclusive, at Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor.
Constantinople, First Ecumenical Council of
Called in May, 381, by Emperor Theodosius, to provide for a Catholic succession in the patriarchal See of Constantinople, to confirm the Nicene Faith, to reconcile the semi-Arians with the Church, and to put an end to the Macedonian heresy.
Summary article on the first 7 councils jointly held by the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.
Ephesus, Council of
The third ecumenical council, held in 431.
Medieval Sourcebook: Full Text Sources
Information about the first church councils.
Nicaea, First Council of
First Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church, held in 325 on the occasion of the heresy of Arius. It defined the Nicene Creed.
Nicaea, Second Council of
A council that was called to deal with the heresy of Iconoclasm.
The Seven Ecumenical Councils of the Undivided Church
Translation and introduction by Philip Schaff and Henry Wace. Volume XIV: A Select Library of The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, Second Series. From Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
Last update:February 20, 2015 at 8:45:04 UTC