Empedocles of Acragas (or Akragas or Agrigentum), fl. mid-5th BC. One of the greatest of the Greek Presocratic thinkers, he put forth a view of the world as composed of four elements, earth, air, fire and water, whose relation to one another was governed by the principles of Love and Strife. He is generally considered either a "qualitative pluralist" or an Eleatic thinker.
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Cosmos of the Ancients: Empedocles
Short article by Stephen Stenudd reviewing the cosmological aspects of Empedocles' writings, and Aristotle's reaction to them.
Lecture notes by S. Marc Cohen, presenting Empedocles as part of the pluralistic response to Parmenides' teachings.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy article. Summarizes this early Greek thinker's thought and presents what is known about his life.
Empedocles of Acragas
Biographical article by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson. Includes glossary and links to biographies of related thinkers.
Empedocles of Agrigentum at Peithô's Web
Includes the Leonard translation of the Empedocles' fragments alongside the original Greek, as well as the Life of Empedocles from Diogenes Laertius.
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Last update:November 19, 2015 at 10:24:05 UTC