Dmitry Sklyarov is a Russian programmer for Elcom. Elcom sells AEBPR (Adobe eBook Processor), a tool to remove restrictions from encrypted PDF files that prevent users from making fair uses, such as reading text with a speechreader, or printing. Sklyarov came to the United States to give a presentation at DefCon, a computer security conference, about weaknesses in Adobe's PDF encryption.
At Adobe's behest, the FBI arrested him for violating the DMCA (Digital Millennium Copyright Act). After protests and public outcry, Adobe publicly recommended Skylarov's release.
On 13 December 2001, the charges against Dmitri Sklyarov were dropped, with the condition that he return to testify in the criminal prosecution of his employer, Elcomsoft.