The Saponi, Tutelo, and Monacan are closely related groups who all spoke the same language. They are eastern Siouan, related to the Cheraw, Catawba and Waccamaw in the Carolinas. The Occaneechi have a separate history from the rest, they were largely destroyed in a war with other Saponi and White settlers. Saponi descendants have become known as the Melungeons, Goinstown Indians and Person County Indians as well as the groups which keep the name Saponi, The Haliwa-Saponi and the Occaneechi. A large group of the Saponi who joined the Cherokee for protection are known as the (Southern) Blackfoot.
Searching for Saponi Town
Historical information and forum for descendants of the Piedmont of Virginia and North Carolina: Saponi, Tutelo, Occaneechi, and others.
Four Directions Institute: Saponi
Tribal profile, timeline, and links.
Occaneechi Saponi Spring Cultural Festival
Article on Powwow held at Carrboro, NC, with many pictures.
Last update:January 2, 2007 at 16:50:59 UTC