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The Wabanaki (Eastern) Confederacy was a confederation of several Algonquian tribes of the eastern seaboard: the Abenaki, the Penobscot, the Maliseet, the Passamaquoddy, and the Mi'kmaq. The Wabanaki Confederacy, always a loose alliance, disbanded in 1862, and its members consider themselves distinct tribes now. There is some confusion associated with the term "Wabanaki." It literally means "people of the dawn," or Easterners, and at times all five tribes of the Confederacy have referred to themselves this way, even long after the Confederacy was gone. Also, the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet of New Brunswick collectively refer to themselves as Wabanaki, and some information about these two tribes has this name on it. Finally, the Abenaki, though their name clearly has the same Algonquian root, are not identical to the Wabanaki--they are one constituent tribe, and though a Maliseet may be referred to as a Wabanaki, he is not an Abenaki.
Last update:August 8, 2010 at 12:25:38 UTC