A very successful series of Soviet probes to Venus, the program ran from 1961 to 1983. The Venera series of missions had many firsts, including the first interplanetary broadcasts, the first probe to enter another planetary atmosphere, and the first soft landing on another planet.
HEASARC: The Venera 11 & 12 probes to Venus
Summary of the missions including a description of instrumentation and scientific goals. Also includes a gallery of pictures. From NASA's High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center.
HEASARC: The Venera 13 & 14 probes to Venus
Summary of the missions including a description of instrumentation and scientific goals. Also includes a gallery of pictures. From NASA's High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center.
Super70s.com: Venera 7
Mission profile and picture of the payload.
Venera
History of the program including images and bibliography. From Mark Wade's Encyclopedia Astronautica.
Venera
Overview of the program from Wikipedia.
Venera
Program summary.
Venera Missions to Venus
Spacecraft and mission profiles from the National Space Science Data Center.
Venera Space Probes
Overview of the program.
VeneraView
Windows software for browsing the Venera 15 and 16 radar maps. Includes a mission overview and examples from the radar maps.
[4th of July Mozilla]
Last update:
November 21, 2013 at 19:25:13 UTC
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