Pidgins are languages that occur when people from two different languages come into contact and form a simplified hybrid language. If a pidgin language lasts long enough, eventually people are born who use that language as their first language; it then becomes known as a creole. Languages are organized in this category by acrolect (i.e., the contact language with the higher prestige). The acrolect is often European, reflecting the history of colonization, but this is not always the case.

Subcategories 10

Related categories 3

CC: Pidgin Carriers
Introductory article on the topic of pidgin and creole languages.
Creole Language
A definition of the term creole.
Creole Romance Numerals
Tables of the names of numerals in various Romance-Language-based creoles.
Creolization is a Social, Not a Structural, Process
Paper by Salikoko S. Mufwene presented at the International Symposium on "Degrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages".
Ditransitive constructions : Creole Languages in a Cross-linguistic Perspective – Susanne Michaelis et Martin Haspelmath
A comparison transitive verbs in creole and pidgin languages by Susanne Michaelis and Martin Haspelmath. [PDF]
Germanic Creole Numerals
Tables of the names of numerals in various Germanic-Language-based creoles.
Linguist List 7.1721: Creolistics
A discussion of whether Afrikaans and Yiddish are creole or creoloid.
A definition of the term pidgin.
Pidgin and Creole Languages
Notes for a course in pidgin and creole languages. Discusses theories of pidginization, creolization and language contact.
Pidgins, Creoles, and Constructed Languages
Number words in a variety of pidgins, creoles, and constructed languages.
Psycholinguistics: Pidgin and Creole languages
An introduction to pidgins and creoles.
Review of John Holm on Pidgins and Creoles
A brief review of John Holm's "An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles".
Unserdeutsch Language
A brief description of Unserdeutch, a German-based pidgin spoken in what is now Rabaul, Papua New Guinea.

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