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the entire directory
only in History/People
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Science
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Math
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History
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People
(74)
Archimedes
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Euler, Leonhard
(9)
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(3)
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Science: Math: Mathematicians
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Science: Physics: Classical Mechanics: People
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University of St. Andrews: Biography Index
 Names are listed alphabetically or by date, from 1680 BC to the present.
Abel  Niels Henrik Abel (18021829)
 Norwegian mathematician. Worked on elliptic functions and integrals, algebraic solution of equations and solubility by radicals.
AlSabi Thabit ibn Qurra alHarrani
 Gives information on background and contributions to noneuclidean geometry, spherical trigonometry, number theory and the field of statics. Was an important translator of Greek materials, including Euclid's Elements, during the Middle Ages.
Andrei Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (19031987)
 The most prominent twentiethcentury mathematician.
Bernoulli, Daniel (17001782)
 Most important work considered the basic properties of fluid flow, pressure, density and velocity, and gave their fundamental relationship now known as Bernoulli's principle.
Bessel  Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (17841846)
 Catalogued stars, predicted a planet beyond Uranus as well as the existence of dark stars, investigated Johann Kepler's problem of heliocentricity, and systematized the mathematical functions involved, which now bear his name.
Biographies of Women Mathematicians
 Ongoing project by students in mathematics classes at Agnes Scott College, in Atlanta, Georgia.
Cauchy  AugustinLouis Cauchy (17891857)
 (Catholic Encyclopedia) Theory of polyhedra, symmetrical functions, proof of a theorem of Fermat which had baffled mathematicians like Gauss and Euler.
Cauchy, Augustin Louis (17891857)
 Cauchy contributed to almost every branch of mathematics. He is probably best known for his important contributions to real and complex analysis.
Chebyshev  Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev (18211894)
 Work on prime numbers included the determination of the number of primes not exceeding a given number, wrote an important book on the theory of congruences, proved that there was always at least one prime between n and 2n for n > 3.
A Chonicle of Mathematical People
 Robert A. Nowlan provides short biographical sketches of mathematicians from many diverse fields.
Cramer  Gabriel Cramer (17041752)
 Best known for his work on determinants, made contributions to the study of algebraic curves.
d'Alembert  Jean Le Rond d'Alembert (17171783)
 Helped to resolve the controversy in mathematical physics over the conservation of kinetic energy by improving Newton's definition of force.
Diophantus of Alexandria (c. 200284 )
 Best known for his Arithmetica, a work on the theory of numbers, a collection of 130 problems giving numerical solutions of determinate equations.
Dirichlet  Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet (18051859)
 Proved that in any arithmetic progression with first term coprime to the difference there are infinitely many primes, units in algebraic number theory, ideals, proposed the modern definition of a function.
Eratosthenes of Cyrene
 Biography of the mathematician, geographer and astronomer born 276 BC in Cyrene, North Africa. From The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive.
Eratosthenes of Cyrene (276194 BC)
 Discusses this early Grecian's discoveries in finding a good approximation of the circumference of the earth, the tilt angle of our planet and a tool for finding prime numbers. Page includes biographical information.
Eratosthenes: The Measurement of the Earth's Circumference
 Gives information about the techniques and computations used by this ancient mathematician to find the circumference of the earth. Includes sample sketch and reconstructed map of the world.
Fermat  Pierre de Fermat (16011665)
 From `A Short Account of the History of Mathematics' (4th edition, 1908) by W. W. Rouse Ball.
Fibonacci  Who was Fibonacci?  Leonardo of Pisa (1175?1250)
 His names, mathematical contributions, Introducing the decimal number system into Europe, Fibonacci Series.
Fibonacci Mathematics by Dr. Peter Reimers
 Describes the rabbit problem and the Fibonacci sequence and some generalized rules.
Gauss, Johann Carl Friedrich (17771855)
 One of the alltime greats, Gauss began to show his mathematical brilliance at the early age of seven. He is usually credited with the first proof of The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra.
The Grothendieck Biography Project
 Links relating to Alexandre Groethendieck.
The Grothendieck Circle
 Aims to make publicly available materials written by and about Alexandre Grothendieck. Made contributions to algebraic geometry, homological algebra and functional analysis. Page includes list of mathematical,biographical publications and some portrait photos.
Hermann Gunter Grassmann
 Provides biographical details of this German mathematician who lived from 1809 to 1877, the inventor of what is now called exterior algebra.
The History of Mathematics
 Collection of original papers of Berkeley, Hamilton, Riemann, Boole, Cantor, and Newton. Includes background and notes. Maintained by David R. Wilkins from Trinity College, Dublin
History of Mathematics
 Online texts of historic mathematical people, including Hamilton, Riemann, Newton, Boole, and Cantor. Also, has biographical backgrounds for key figures during the 17th and 18th centuries.
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (17771855)
 Article by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson giving biographical details of the great mathematician, with a number of photographs.
Julius Wilhelm Richard Dedekind
 Provides biographical details of this German mathematician who lived from 1831 to 1916.
Kolmogorov, Andrei Nikolaevich (19031987)
 Worked on trigonometric series, set theory, integration analysis, constructive logic, topology, approximation methods, probability, statistics, random processes, information theory, dynamical systems, algorithms, celestial mechanics, Hilbert's 13th problem, and ballistics. Also, studied and applications of mathematics to problems of biology, geology, linguistics and the crystallization of metals. Born and lived in Russia.
Lambert  Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728  1777)
 In a memoir in 1768 on transcendental magnitudes he proved that pi is incommensurable.
Oughtred, William (15741660)
 Best known for the invention of an early form of the slide rule.
Peirce, Benjamin (18091880)
 Life and work of 19th century mathematician and philosopher of mathematics; by Ivor GrattanGuinness and Alison Walsh.
Pell, John (16111685)
 Worked on algebra and number theory, gave a table of factors of all integers up to 100000 in 1668. Pell's equation is y^2 = ax^2 + 1, where a is a nonsquare integer.
Plato (427347 B.C.)
 "... the reality which scientific thought is seeking must be expressible in mathematical terms, mathematics being the most precise and definite kind of thinking of which we are capable."
Schmidt, Erhard (18761959)
 Main research was functional analysis, doctorate was obtained under Hilbert's supervision, main interest was in integral equations and Hilbert space, best remembered for the GramSchmidt orthogonalisation process.
Sheynin, Oscar
 Freelance researcher specializes in the history of probability, statistics and error theory. Page includes list of publications and outside reviews.
Shortest path to Gauss
 This site is the quickest access to information about C.F.Gauss, although reduced to a single page.
Srinivasa Ramanujan
 Published and unpublished works. HTML, PDF and DjVu formats.
Zermelo  Ernst Friedrich Ferdinand Zermelo (18711953)
 Zermelo in 1908 was the first to attempt an axiomatisation of set theory
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Last update: March 24, 2014 at 21:39:56 UTC 
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