Endophytes are a type of symbiosis in which a fungus lives inside a vascular plant, generally in the leaf or stem. The endophyte provides some benefits to the plant, but in the case of endophytes of ryegrass and tall fescue the endophyte also affects the health and reproduction of grazing animals that feed on the plant. Endophyte hyphae run between the plant cells and are not visible to the naked eye. They produce no external pustules, and there are no visual signs that the plant has the endophyte. The endophyte does not spread between plants, but is present in the seed of infected plants. As result plants grown from that seed will be infected with the endophyte.

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Mycology - Endophytes in General
Introduction to endophyte associations as part of a basic university course in fungal biology.
Tall Fescue and Endophytes - British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and Lands
Fact sheet provides practical management advice for livestock producers concerned by news reports about health problems for animals on tall fescue pasture.
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July 22, 2015 at 16:05:04 UTC
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