Long before Europeans migrated to America, the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian nations settled in the Delta’s marsh and swampland. In 1830, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was signed by Choctaw Chief Greenwood Leflore, opening the swampland to European settlers. The first settlement on the banks of the Yazoo River was a trading post founded by John Williams in 1830 and known as Williams Landing. In 1844 it was incorporated as “Greenwood,” named after Chief Greenwood Leflore. Growing into a strong cotton market, the key to the city’s success was based on its strategic geographic location in the heart of the Delta. The city served as a shipping point to New Orleans, Louisiana, Vicksburg, Mississippi, Memphis, Tennessee and St. Louis, Missouri. Greenwood continued to prosper until the latter part of the American Civil War. The end of the Civil War in the mid-1860’s and the following year of Reconstruction severely diminished the cotton industry and crippled the city’s previously thriving economy. Greenwood saw very little growth during these years of hardship. The arrival of railroads in the 1880’s saved the city. Once again, Greenwood emerged as a prime shipping point for cotton. Downtown’s Front Street bordering the Yazoo bustled with cotton factors and other related businesses. The city continued to prosper in this way well into the 1940’s. Today, in the twenty-first century, Greenwood is experiencing a renaissance. Its historic downtown boasts dozens of completed renovations with several others in progress. All the while, Greenwood has retained its small-town beauty, Delta personality and deep-South hospitality. (Greenwood CVB)

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Greenwood, Mississippi Detailed Profile
Greenwood, Mississippi detailed profile
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