Salem is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. Many people associate the city with the Salem witch trials of 1692, which the city utilizes as a tourist attraction. At the time of the Salem witch trials, the present city of Salem was named "Salem Town". Most of the accused in the trials lived in the nearby "Salem Village", which is now named Danvers, Massachusetts. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 40,407.
A company of fishermen led by Roger Conant founded Salem around 1626. The governor sent by the Massachusetts Bay Company, John Endicott, later supplanted him.
Salem includes the Salem Maritime National Historic Site, the only remaining intact waterfront from the US age of sail. In 1790, Salem was the sixth largest city in the country and played a leading role in the American China trade.