Wikipedia: Long was born in Danielsville, Madison County, Georgia. He received his M.D. degree at the University of Pennsylvania in 1839. After observing the same physiological effects with diethyl ether ("ether") that Humphry Davy had described for nitrous oxide in 1800, Long used ether for the first time on March 30, 1842 to remove a tumor from the neck of a patient, James M. Venable, in Jefferson, Georgia. Long subsequently removed a second tumor from Venable and used ether as an anesthetic in amputations and childbirth. The results of these trials were published in 1848 in The Southern Medical and Surgical Journal. An original copy of this publication is held in the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Related categories 2

Crawford W. Long Museum
Located in Jefferson, Georgia. Includes exhibits, directions and hours.
Crawford W. Long, M.D., a Georgia Innovator
Presented as the Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology at the meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists in Atlanta, Ga. Includes a discussion of Long's background, how ether had previously been used, exhibits and a link to a PDF for downloading.
Dr Crawford Williamson Long
Detailed are medical accomplishments and excerpts from his writings.
Georgia Public Broadcasting: Dr. Crawford Long's Painless Operation
Video and article about the use of the first painless operation.
New Georgia Encyclopedia: Crawford Long (1815-1878)
Biography and accomplishments are highlighted.
Wikipedia: Crawford Long
Encyclopedia article featuring accomplishments in medicine.
Athens Banner Herald: Crawford Long Museum Reopens
Article recounting history of the Jefferson, Georgia physician along with details of the museum improvements. (December 09, 2009)
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