The name Kalikata had been mentioned in the rent-roll of the Great Mughal emperor Akbar and also in Manasa-Mangal. The present city of Calcutta(Kolkata) on the banks of the river Hooghly (it is part of the Ganges), originated from the three villages - Sutanuti, Govindapur and Kolikata(Calcutta). Warren Hastings, the first Governor-General of India, made it the seat of the supreme courts of justice and the supreme revenue administration, and Calcutta became the capital of British India in 1772. Later in the 19th century Bengal became an important centre in the struggle for Indian independence, and this was a major reason for the decision to transfer the capital to Delhi in 1911. Calutta is the capital of the state of West Bengal. It is considered the Cultural Capital of India.

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