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Society and Culture
Open Directory - Regional: Africa: Egypt: Society and Culture: History
Art and Architecture
Christianity in Egypt
Nasser, Gamal Abdel
Railway Fire and Disaster of 2002
Wars and Conflicts
Arts: Literature: Myths and Folktales: Myths: Egyptian
Society: History: By Region: Africa
Society: History: By Region: Middle East
Society: History: By Time Period: Ancient: Africa: Nubia
Society: Religion and Spirituality: Islam: History
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Al-Ahram: Egypt's Almanac
- Dr. Yunan Labib Rizk (professor of history and head of Al-Ahram History Studies Centre) examines Al-Ahram's "News and Events" page during the 1920's and finds that it was indeed a record of the most important daily occurrences in Egypt; includes clear black-and-white photographs of King Fouad, Saad Zaghlul, Munira Thabet, and Moustafa El-Maraghy; from Al-Ahram Weekly Online (Issue No. 539).
Alexandria Library, a True Successor of its Ancient Namesake
- Essay by Mohamed Sid-Ahmed, who discusses conditions necessary for the Alexandria Library to be a worthy successor to its ancient namesake; from ArabicNews.com.
An Early Traveller in Egypt
- Brief excerpts and three illustrations from Charles Dana Gibson's account published in McClure's Magazine under the title "Sketches in Egypt" (1898); from Logoi.com.
Antiquities Wish List
- Report that Zahi Hawass, secretary-general of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), has formally requested that UNESCO assist in the return of five key items of Egypt's cultural heritage: the Rosetta Stone (in the British Museum, London), the bust of Nefertiti (in the Egyptian Museum, Berlin), the statue of Great Pyramid architect Hemiunnu (in the Roemer-Pelizaeus Museum, Hildesheim, Germany), the Dendara Temple Zodiac (in the Louvre, Paris), and the bust of Khafre pyramid builder Ankhaf (in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston); from Al-Ahram Weekly Online (Issue No. 751, 14-20 July 2005).
Carlo Vidua and the Travellers of 1800 in Egypt
- An exhibit of writings, and names of travellers, engraved on monuments in Egypt.
Chronology of Attacks on Tourist Targets in Egypt
- Lists and describes recorded instances of terrorist activity against tourists of any nationality in Egypt since 1992.
Color Me Egypt:
- Egyptian history written for kids, a coloring book, and a coloring contest.
Construction Begins on UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology
- Egyptologists and University of California, Los Angeles technology centers have begun compiling a new online history of Egypt from 3500 BC to AD 400, to include 4,000 entries of original content and be available in English, German, French, and Arabic; by Angilee Shah for the UCLA International Institute.
David Roberts Gallery of 19th Century Lithographs
- All 124 Egypt pictures -- architecture, monuments, people, and scenic views -- of Egypt in the 19th century by Scottish artist David Roberts R.A. (1796-1864).
Declaration Between the United Kingdom and France Respecting Egypt and Morocco, Together with the Secret Articles Signed at the Same Time
- Text of these documents, signed in London on 8 April 1904; from Don Mabry's Historical Text Archive.
Digital Egypt for Universities
- This "learning and teaching resource for higher education" contains information on all aspects of Egyptian history, society, and culture from 4000 BC to the present; from University College London.
Egy.com - Cairo's Recollections Online
- Samir Raafat offers a variety of articles, photos, and references dealing with 19th and 20th century aspects of Cairo, Egypt's 1000-year-old capital - its architecture, landmarks, character, people and problems.
Egypt Keeps Muslim Brotherhood Boxed In
- Dan Murphy examines the Muslim Brotherhood's origins, history and violent past, current restructuring as an Islamic democratic model, and the Egyptian government's opposition to its recognition as a political party; from the Christian Science Monitor.
- History of Egypt in summary form.
Egypt's Forgotten Treasures
- Zahi Hawass describes the search of the entire Egyptian Museum and storage sites across Egypt for artifacts to comprise an unprecedented exhibit marking the 100th anniversary of the opening of the Egyptian Museum on November 15, 1902; with photographs by Kenneth Garrett. From National Geographic.
- A collection of uncaptioned black-and-white photographs taken in Egypt by Don H. Church during the 1950s.
Egypt: A Travelogue
- A photo essay, with explanatory text, of contemporary life in rural and urban Egypt: Land and People, the Nile; Aswan, the Dam, Lake Nasser, and Abu Simbel; Giza, the Pyramids, and Sphinx; and the Egyptian Museum. German text also available.
Egyptian-Syrian Union (1958-1959)
- A 3-part series, published in March 1998, which examines the failed union between Egypt and Syria during a unique era in the Arab world; from ArabicNews.
- Discuss Ancient Egypt and other Nile Valley cultures and civilizations; an amateur Egyptology forum with diverse subjects.
Francis Frith (1822-1898)
- Brief biography of Frith, and checklist, index, and thumbnails of photographs taken during Frith's three photographic expeditions to Egypt, 1856-1860; from George Eastman House.
Grand Imams of Al-Azhar
- A brief history of Al-Azhar as university, institution for the teachings of Sunni Islam, and umbrella organization precedes a listing of all Grand Imams, from 1690 to the present, many with accompanying photographs.
- This renowned research institute, which has "the largest specialized Egyptological archive in the world," includes the records of Howard Carter's excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun, a major database of 19th-century studio photographs of Egypt, and other research tools and publications.
History of Egypt
- Published by the Ministry of Tourism, Egypt, and the Egyptian Tourist Authority; over 40 essays on all periods of Egyptian history, from Lower Paleolithic to British Occupation.
Huge Crater Found in Egypt
- Report on the discovery, by Boston University researchers Farouk El-Baz and Eman Ghoneim, of crater “Kebira,” more than twice as big as the next largest Saharan crater known; by Robert Roy Britt at Space.com.
Largest Crater in the Great Sahara Discovered by Boston University Scientists
- Boston University news release, dated March 3, 2006, on how researchers from the university's Center for Remote Sensing located Crater Kebira using detailed satellite data; includes information on the researchers, Dr. Farouk El-Baz and Dr. Eman Ghoneim, and a link to five high-resolution images.
Mohammed Ali Pasha of Egypt, Syria and Arabia
- Biographical sketch by William Brown Hodgson, written on March 10, 1835.
Muhammad Ali - Firman of Appointment as Pasha of Egypt
- Translation of the firman issued by the Ottoman sultan in 1840, contributed by C. R. Pennell, National University of Singapore; from Don Mabry's Historical Text Archive.
Muhammad Ali's Tax Inspectors
- From the Chronicles of al-Jabarti, contributed by C. R. Pennell, National University of Singapore; from Don Mabry's Historical Text Archive.
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Egypt
- Full-color ribbon charts and individual images of orders, decorations, and medals, along with descriptions and award criteria, are separately provided for the Kingdom of Egypt and Earlier (1805-1953) and for the Arab Republic of Egypt (1953 - date).
Oxyrhynchus: A City and its Texts
- Online version of the exhibition of the same name, celebrating 100 years of publication of The Oxyrhynchus Papyri; contains information and images on the Site, Excavations and Finds, Daily Life, A Millennium of Documents, Scribes and Scholars, and other topics; from the Imaging Papyri Project at Oxford University.
Railways In the Nile Valley (Until 1935)
- This history of Egypt's railway system begins with an overview of the country's place in the region's travel and trade, recounts establishment of the Alexandria-Cairo line (the first railway on the African continent) in 1851-56, and then its expansion to the south and across the Delta; includes a map of the railway system and several images of locomotives, carriages, and stations.
Sheik Hassan Maamoun
- Biography, photographs, and other information on Sheik Hassan Maamoun, who served Egypt as head of the Supreme Islamic Jurisprudence Court, El Mofti of the Republic, member of Parliament during the years of El Wehda (unification) with Syria, and as 44th Grand Imam of Al-Azhar.
- Briefly describes this oasis in western Egypt and provides a short chronological history, with links to key terms; from Encyclopaedia of the Orient.
Survey of Decorative Stones in the Mosques and Other Islamic Buildings of the Pre-Ottoman Period in Cairo, Egypt
- Report on a survey conducted from 1996 to 2000, with an Introduction, Description of Stone Varieties Found in Cairo, Inventory of Stones in Cairo Buildings, and Reuse of Roman Stones in Cairo Buildings; by Dr. James A. Harrell, Professor of Geology, Department of Earth, Ecological and Environmental Sciences, The University of Toledo.
The Sudanese Travels of Theodoro Krump, 1700-1702
- A summary of this traveller's journey through Egypt and on to Sudan; by Jay Spaulding, at Kean University.
Thebes Photographic Project
- Tom Van Eynde's photographs recording the architecture and landscape of Egypt are shot and printed to evoke romantic Victorian times; from the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.
WWW-VL History - Egypt
- Multilingual collection of web resources relating to the history of the country.
World Heritage Sites in Egypt
- Lists and links to detailed information on the individual UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Egypt.
Huge Impact Crater Found in Egypt
- BBC News report that a giant meteorite crater (named "Kebira" -- which means "large" in Arabic -- and also relates to the crater's physical location on the northern tip of the Gilf Kebir region in southwest Egypt) formed from an impact millions of years ago has been discovered in Egypt's western desert. (March 06, 2006)
Egypt Investigates Resort Attacks
- Reports on the 23 July 2005 attacks in Sharm al-Sheikh, Egypt, including background, maps, news reports, reaction, and video; from BBC News. (July 25, 2005)
Egyptian Gets $27 Million for Mohammed's Arrest Tip
- In dispatch dated March 12, 2003, Kelli Arena, CNN Justice Correspondent, reports that an unnamed Egyptian radical will get $27 million as a reward for giving the United States information that led authorities to alleged September 11, 2001, mastermind Khalid Shaikh Mohammed; from CNN.com. (March 12, 2003)
Climate Threatens Egypt's Treasures
- Examines the problem of higher humidity in the Nile River Valley, and its effects on ancient objects and buildings; by Malcolm Billings, BBC News. (May 04, 2002)
July 23rd Revolution
- Briefly examines the Revolution of July 23rd, 1952, a turning point in modern Egyptian history; from ArabicNews. (September 28, 2000)
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