Sound is vibration, as perceived by the sense of hearing. Vibrations usually travel to our ears through the air; the ear converts them into nerve impulses sent to our brains, where the impulses become sound. In more technical language, sound "is an alternation in pressure, particle displacement, or particle velocity propagated in an elastic material" (Olson 1957) or series of mechanical compressions and rarefactions or longitudinal waves that successively propagate through media that are at least a little compressible (solid, liquid or gas but not vacuum). In sound waves parts of matter (molecules or groups of molecules) move in a direction of the spreading of the disturbance (as opposite to transversal waves). The cause of sound waves is called the source of waves, e.g. a violin string vibrating upon being bowed or plucked. A sound wave is usually represented graphically by a wavy, horizontal line; the upper part of the wave (the crest) indicates a compression and the lower part (the trough) indicates a rarefaction.
Related categories 4
AS Sounds Amazing
[ Teens/Mature Teens ] Offers experiments and demonstrations designed to help you understand sound, waves and acoustics.
The Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms
[ Mature Teens ] Explore in detail the wave front diagrams of stationary and moving sources at both subsonic and supersonic velocities.
How Ultrasound Works
[ Mature Teens ] Learn about how waves are reflected as they travel through various objects, and how these reflections are used to produce images for medical use.
Looking at Sound
[ Teens/Mature Teens ] Detailed look at how sound can be analyzed with a microphone and oscilloscope with clear examples of expected results.
[ Mature Teens ] Learn about acoustics of different instruments, the sound spectrum, standing wave patterns supported by different air columns on this page by The University of New South Wales, Australia .
Sound Waves and Music
[ Teens/Mature Teens ] Offers an animation of how high and low pressure waves make the eardrum vibrate along with information on how the journey of sound waves affects the brain.
[ Teens ] Learn all about sounds and waves through a graphical-learning based interface in four lessons.
Sounds and Noise
[ Kids ] Try these experiments which show the physics of sound waves by using objects around the house to demonstrate how they travel.
Standing Sound Waves
[ Teens/Mature Teens ] Uses diagrams to show pressure nodes and internodes of harmonics in a pipe.
The vOICe Sonification Applet - Draw your own Sound
[ Mature Teens ] Lets explore synthetic sound and vision with a voice mapping Java applet. Also, sonify the pre made images, or make new ones.
Last update:October 22, 2015 at 11:31:52 UTC
Sports and Hobbies
People and Society